Table 107Strength of evidence summary table: Foster or kinship parents

Intervention (G1)Comparison (G2)OutcomeN Trials, ParticipantsStrength of Evidence; Magnitude of Effect
Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-upActive controlaMental health and behavior1;77,78 93Low; NR
Healthy caregiver-child relationship1;79,81 46Low; NR
Healthy development1;85 37Low; NR
Wait listMental and behavioral health1,80 58Low; medium (partial eta squared=0.436 or 0.511)
Healthy caregiver-child relationship1,80 58Low; medium or large (partial eta squared=0.59 or 0.791)
Bucharest Early InterventionUsual care (institutional care in Romania)Mental health and behavior1,118,120,123,125,129 136Low; odds ratio 2.8 [95%CI 1.2 to 6.4]
Healthy caregiver-child relationship1,121,125,127 136Low; NR
Healthy development1,117,119,121,122,124,126,128 136Low; effect sizeb =0.47 or 0.62
Keeping Foster and Kinship Parents Trained and SupportedUsual careMental and behavioral health1,91 700Moderate; small (d=0.26)
Healthy caregiver-child relationship1,91 700Moderate; small (d=0.29)
Permanency1,91 700Low
Middle School SuccessUsual careMental health and behavior1,136,137 100Low; small to medium (d=0.35 to 0.57)
Placement stability1,136 100Low; medium (d=0.50)
Multi-dimensional Treatment Foster Care for PreschoolersUsual careMental health and behavior1,142 117Low; medium (d=0.64 to 0.68)
Healthy caregiver-child relationship1,139,141 117Low; NR
Healthy development1,138 23Low; NR
Permanency1,140,143 90Low; NR
a

Active comparator is an approach derived from an intervention wherein the degree to which core components of the original model are implemented is unclear and/or core components are omitted or substantively modified.

b

Effect size measure is not specified, so we did not classify the magnitude of effect as small, medium, or large.

Note: Table is organized alphabetically by intervention name. All results are G1>G2 unless otherwise noted. For estimation of the magnitude of effect, we include only the statistically significant (p<0.05) effect sizes provided by study authors and do not calculate effect sizes as part of our analysis. Interpretation of the effect size as small, medium, or large is defined as Cohen’s d = 0.20, 0.50, and 0.80.176 When authors use partial eta squared we use the interpretation that the authors provide.80 We include an effect size range when more than two effect sizes are reported.

Abbreviations: CI = confidence interval; G = group; N = number; NR = not reported.

Active comparator is an approach derived from an intervention wherein the degree to which core components of the original model are implemented is unclear and/or core components are omitted or substantively modified.

Effect size measure is not specified, so we did not classify the magnitude of effect as small, medium, or large.

From: Results

Cover of Child Exposure to Trauma: Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions Addressing Maltreatment
Child Exposure to Trauma: Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions Addressing Maltreatment [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 89.
Fraser JG, Lloyd SW, Murphy RA, et al.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.