Table 8Description of interventions in studies among adult populations in work settings

Author, Year

Primary AimControlActive Combination Intervention
Dekkers, 201179

6 months
Improve cardiovascular risk factorsPrinted materialsDiet
  • Nutritional counseling via phone or Internet
  • Encouraged reduce fat, sugar, and alcohol while increasing intake of fruits and vegetables
Physical Activity
  • Exercise counseling via phone or Internet
  • Encouraged walking at lunch and active commuting
Goetzel, 200980
Goetzel, 201075

24 months
Prevent obesity and reduce and the prevalence of obesity among workersUsual care with individually focused health promotion programsDiet
  • Usual care for individual dietary counseling
Physical Activity
  • Usual care physical activity programs
  • Environmental changes to support an increase in employees' physical activity, improve their eating habits, and manage their weight through environmental prompts and point of choice messaging
  • Key personnel recruited to set worksite health goals and train worksite leaders on health promotion
Kwak, 201074

12 months
Prevent weight gainNo interventionSelf management
  • Receipt of In Balance box with pedometer, measuring tape, calorie guide, and instructions for food and exercise diaries
  • Access to In Balance website including Weight Coach instrument that provides personalized advice to maintain weight
  • CD ROM based training including education on energy balance behaviors, skills training, goal setting
  • Self monitoring
  • Key worksite personnel selected and implemented different environmental interventions at each site such as changing food products available at the cafeteria, workshops, signs promoting healthy eating and physical activity, forming lunchtime walking or cycling groups
Lemon, 201076

24 months
Prevent weight gainUsual care/no interventionDiet
  • Weekly displays on nutrition education
  • Weekly newsletter via email that included education on a healthy weight topic, a recipe, and quick tip
Physical Activity
  • Weekly displays on exercise education
  • Monthly strength training workshop where individuals were given a simple routine and a resistance band
  • Promotional signs to encourage healthy eating included nutritional information for food and beverages in the cafeteria, new healthy menu options, special cafeteria events, onsite farmer's market, healthy potlucks
  • Promotional signs to encourage physical activity included stairway signs, indoor and outdoor walking routes, and walking groups
  • Periodic campaigns and challenges targeting physical activity, healthy eating, and weight with group and individual prizes
Linde, 201277

24 Months
Reduce weight gainNo interventionSelf-management
  • Weight self-monitoring
  • Healthy eating newsletter
Physical activity
  • Participants were given pedometers
  • Promote the formation of walking groups and exercise challenges
  • Increase the availability and decrease the price of calorie-smart foods in the cafeteria and vending machines
  • Use point-of-purchase promotional materials for calorie-smart foods
  • Motivational materials placed to encourage use of stairs
McEachan, 201178

3 months
Increase physical activityUsual careSelf management
  • Individual reminders and fridge magnets to track physical activity.
Physical activity
  • Knowledge quiz and educational messages about the benefits of physical activity including health, mental health and social benefits
  • Leaflets and posters distributed throughout worksite
  • Team challenges targeting physical activity

From: Results

Cover of Strategies to Prevent Weight Gain Among Adults
Strategies to Prevent Weight Gain Among Adults [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 97.
Hutfless S, Maruthur NM, Wilson RF, et al.

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