Table 43Grief and trauma intervention with coping skills and trauma narrative processing versus grief and trauma intervention with coping skills: strength of evidence

InterventionNumber of Studies; Subjects (Analyzed)OutcomeRisk of BiasConsistencyDirectnessPrecisionMagnitude of Effect and Strength of Evidence
GTI-CN1; 72 (64)Clinically significant PTSDRCT
Low
UnknownDirectImpreciseNo statistically significant difference in change in clinically significant PTSD

Insufficient
1; 72 (64)PTSD symptomsRCT
Low
UnknownDirectImpreciseNo statistically significant difference in change in PTSD symptoms

Insufficient
1; 72 (64)Clinically significant depressionRCT
Low
UnknownDirectImpreciseNo statistically significant difference in change in clinically significant depression

Insufficient
1; 72 (64)Depressive symptomsRCT
Low
UnknownDirectImpreciseNo statistically significant difference in change in depressive symptoms

Insufficient
1; 72 (64)Traumatic griefRCT
Low
UnknownDirectImpreciseNo statistically significant difference in change in traumatic grief

Insufficient
1; 72 (64)Traumatic griefRCT
Low
UnknownDirectImpreciseNo statistically significant difference in change in traumatic grief

Insufficient
1; 72 (64)Global distressRCT
Low
UnknownDirectImpreciseNo statistically significant difference in change in global distress

Insufficient
1; 72 (64)Clinically significant internalizing problem behaviorRCT
Low
UnknownIndirectImpreciseNo statistically significant difference in change parent-rated clinically significant internalizing problem behaviors
1; 72 (64)Internalizing symptomsRCT
Low
UnknownIndirectImpreciseNo statistically significant difference in change in parent-rated internalizing symptoms

Insufficient
1; 72 (64)Externalizing symptomsRCT
Low
UnknownIndirectImpreciseNo statistically significant difference in change in parent-rated externalizing symptoms

Insufficient

GTI-CN = Grief and Trauma Intervention with coping skills and trauma narrative processing; PTSD = post-traumatic stress disorder; RCT = randomized controlled trial

From: Results

Cover of Child and Adolescent Exposure to Trauma
Child and Adolescent Exposure to Trauma: Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions Addressing Trauma Other Than Maltreatment or Family Violence [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 107.
Forman-Hoffman V, Knauer S, McKeeman J, et al.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.