Table 27Gowns and gloves vs. gloves alone - Clinical study characteristics

OutcomeNumber of studiesDesignLimitationsInconsistencyIndirectnessImprecision
Vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) acquisition rate (cases per 100 days at risk)2461ObservationalSerious limitations(a)No serious inconsistencySerious indirectness (b)No serious imprecision (c)
VRE acquisition rate (cases per 1000 MICU days)2161ObservationalSerious limitations(a)No serious inconsistencySerious indirectness (b)No serious imprecision (c)
Bodily fluid contamination0RCT or observational
a

Studies investigated impact of policy change over two consecutive periods of time. No blinding and so some bias due to changes in behaviour could have occurred.

b

Study conducted in hospital population not primary or community care.

c

No standard deviation reported so confidence intervals are unknown, therefore unknown whether effect is precise or not.

From: 7, Standard principles for the use of personal protective equipment

Cover of Infection: Prevention and Control of Healthcare-Associated Infections in Primary and Community Care
Infection: Prevention and Control of Healthcare-Associated Infections in Primary and Community Care: Partial Update of NICE Clinical Guideline 2.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 139.
National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK).
Copyright © 2012, National Clinical Guideline Centre.

Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher or, in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency in the UK. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside the terms stated here should be sent to the publisher at the UK address printed on this page.

The use of registered names, trademarks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant laws and regulations and therefore for general use.

The rights of National Clinical Guideline Centre to be identified as Author of this work have been asserted by them in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.