Table 1112 % Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) in aqueous vs. 0.5% CHG in alcohol– Clinical summary of findings

Outcome2% CHG in aqueous0.5% CHG in alcoholRelative riskAbsolute effectQuality
Catheter tip colonisation(a)130/329
(39.5%)
119/339
(35.1%)
RR 1.13
(0.92 to 1.37)
46 more per 1000
(28 fewer to 130 more)
LOW
VAD related septicaemia(a)17/211
(8.1%)
15/226
(6.6%)
RR 1.21
(0.62 to 2.37)
14 more per 1000
(25 fewer to 91 more)
LOW
VAD related bacteraemia(a)9/211
(4.3%)
9/226
(4%)
RR 1.07
(0.43 to 2.65)
3 more per 1000
(23 fewer to 66 more)
LOW
a

Studies reported outcomes per catheter, instead of per patient.

Studies reported outcomes per catheter, instead of per patient.

From: 12, Vascular access devices

Cover of Infection: Prevention and Control of Healthcare-Associated Infections in Primary and Community Care
Infection: Prevention and Control of Healthcare-Associated Infections in Primary and Community Care: Partial Update of NICE Clinical Guideline 2.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 139.
National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK).
Copyright © 2012, National Clinical Guideline Centre.

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