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Jonas DE, Garbutt JC, Brown JM, et al. Screening, Behavioral Counseling, and Referral in Primary Care To Reduce Alcohol Misuse [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2012 Jul. (Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 64.)

Appendix ASearch Strategy

MEDLINE®

SearchMost Recent QueriesResult
#1Search “Alcohol-Related Disorders”[Mesh]86771
#2Search “Alcohol Drinking”[Mesh]41573
#3Search “Alcoholism”[Mesh]61181
#4Search “drinking behavior”[MeSH Terms]46604
#5Search problem drink*2021
#6Search heavy drink*3931
#7Search alcohol problem*2639
#8Search risk drink*563
#9Search at-risk drink*234
#10Search alcohol depend*6983
#11Search excessive drink*610
#12Search excessive alcohol*1501
#13Search “alcohol consumption”[All Fields]21680
#14Search alcohol addiction*596
#15Search #1 OR #2 OR #3 OR #4 OR #5 OR #6 OR #7 OR #8 OR #9 OR #10 OR #11 OR #12 OR #13 OR #14132104
#17Search “Randomized Controlled Trial”[Publication Type] OR “Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic”[Mesh] OR “Single-Blind Method”[Mesh] OR “Double-Blind Method”[Mesh] OR “Random Allocation”[Mesh]437318
#18Search #15 AND #174529
#19Search “meta-analysis”[Publication Type] OR “meta-analysis as topic”[MeSH Terms] OR “meta-analysis”[All Fields]45475
#20Search #15 AND #19583
#21Search “Comparative Study”[Publication Type]1498440
#22Search #15 AND #2113766
#23Search (“review”[Publication Type] AND “systematic”[tiab]) OR “systematic review”[All Fields] OR (“review literature as topic”[MeSH AND “systematic”[tiab])38090
#24Search #15 AND #23417
#25Search #18 OR #20 OR #22 OR #2417884
#27Search “alcohol reduction”67
#28Search brief intervention*1393
#29Search early intervention*8437
#30Search minimal intervention*506
#31Search alcohol therap*33
#32Search alcohol treatment*1444
#33Search harm reduc*2065
#34Search “screening”[All Fields] AND alcohol9987
#35Search “counseling”[All Fields] AND alcohol1912
#36Search controlled drink*189
#37Search “intervention”[All Fields]248640
#38Search secondary prevention*9795
#39Search “general practitioner's advice”[All Fields]2
#40Search “Mass Screening”[MeSH]83521
#41Search “Counseling”[MeSH]27836
#42Search “Psychotherapy”[MeSH]130426
#43Search “Evidence-Based Practice”[Mesh]42726
#44Search naltrexone7002
#45Search revia7003
#46Search vivitrol8
#47Search acamprosate398
#48Search campral398
#49Search disulfiram3524
#50Search antabuse3594
#51Search (“health education”[MeSH Terms] OR “health education”[All Fields]) AND (“pamphlets”[MeSH Terms] OR “pamphlets”[All Fields])1948
#52Search “counseling”[All Fields] AND drink*947
#53Search “screening”[All Fields] AND drink*3181
#54Search #27 OR #28 OR #29 OR #30 OR #31 OR #32 OR #33 OR #34 OR #35 OR #36 OR #37 OR #38 OR #39 OR #40 OR #41 OR #42 OR #43 OR #44 OR #45 OR #46 OR #47 OR #48 OR #49 OR #50 OR #51 OR #52 OR #53533938
#60Search #15 Limits: Clinical Trial, Meta-Analysis, Randomized Controlled Trial, Clinical Trial, Phase I, Clinical Trial, Phase II, Clinical Trial, Phase III, Clinical Trial, Phase IV, Comparative Study, Controlled Clinical Trial, Multicenter Study19163
#61Search #25 OR #6020264
#62Search #61 AND #543749
#63Search ((#62) AND “1985/01/01”[Publication Date] : “3000”[Publication Date]) AND “0”[Publication Date] : “3000”[Publication Date]3483
#64Search #63 Limits: Humans, English Sort by: Author3178
SearchPubMed Search for Additional Articles 2.2.2011Result
#1Search SBIRT[tiab]29
#2“drinking”[tiab] OR “drinkers”[tiab]65791
#3“alcohol”[tiab]144585
#4“counseling”[tiab]14185
#5(#2 AND #3 AND #4) AND “1985/0101”[Publication Date] : “3000”[Publication Date]) AND “0”[Publication Date] : “3000”[Publication Date] Sort by: Author107
#6“randomized controlled trial”[tiab]17092
#7(#2 AND #3 AND #6) AND “1985/01/01”[Publication Date] : “3000”[Publication Date]) AND “0”[Publication Date] : “3000”[Publication Date]150
#8#1 OR #5 OR #7281

Note: On February 25, 2011, we added the search term “Alcohol Deterrents”[MeSH], which resulted in 28 (all non-duplicate) abstracts.

Note: On March 7, 2011, per a TEP member's suggestion, we added the terms risky alcohol*, risky drink*, alcohol misuse, alcohol abuse, hazardous alcohol*, hazardous drink*, harmful alcohol*, and harmful drink* which resulted in 428 (77 nonduplicate) abstracts.

Note: On April 28, 2011, we amended the protocol to exclude studies of pharmacotherapy for alcohol dependence. However, because our scope included pharmacotherapy at the time of the searches, the pharmaceutical-related terms remain in the search strategy above.

A search with analogous terms was performed in the following databases:

  • IPA, CINAHL®, and PsycINFO® (2/1/2011) = 468 (164 after duplicates removed)
  • Embase® (2/1/2011) = 1,753 (1,060 after duplicates removed)
  • Cochrane (1/31/2011) = 2,570 (1,257 after duplicates removed)

Total references identified by the main searches = 8,706

The following update searches were performed on August 29, 2011

MEDLINE®

SearchMost Recent QueriesResult
#1Search “Alcohol-Related Disorders”[Mesh] OR “Alcohol Drinking”[Mesh] OR “Alcoholism”[Mesh] OR “drinking behavior”[MeSH Terms] OR problem drink* OR heavy drink* OR alcohol problem* OR risk drink* OR at-risk drink* OR alcohol depend* OR excessive drink* OR excessive alcohol* OR “alcohol consumption”[All Fields] OR alcohol addiction* OR risky alcohol* OR risky drink* OR “alcohol misuse”[tiab] OR “alcohol abuse”[tiab] OR hazardous alcohol* OR hazardous drink* OR harmful alcohol* OR harmful drink* OR “SBIRT”[tiab] OR ((“drinking”[tiab] OR “drinkers”[tiab]) AND “alcohol”[tiab])141968
#2Search “alcohol reduction” OR brief intervention* OR early intervention* OR minimal intervention* OR alcohol therap* OR alcohol treatment* OR harm reduc* OR (“screening”[All Fields] AND alcohol) OR (“counseling”[All Fields] AND alcohol) OR controlled drink* OR “intervention”[All Fields] OR secondary prevention* OR “general practitioner's advice”[All Fields] OR “Mass Screening”[MeSH] OR “Counseling”[MeSH] OR “Psychotherapy”[MeSH] OR “Evidence-Based Practice”[Mesh] OR ((“health education”[MeSH Terms] OR “health education”[All Fields]) AND (“pamphlets”[MeSH Terms] OR “pamphlets”[All Fields])) OR “Alcohol Deterrents”[MeSH] OR (“screening”[All Fields] AND drink*) OR (“counseling”[All Fields] AND drink*)549311
#3Search #1 AND #216041
#4Search “Randomized Controlled Trial”[Publication Type] OR “Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic”[Mesh] OR “Single-Blind Method”[Mesh] OR “Double-Blind Method”[Mesh] OR “Random Allocation”[Mesh]453968
#5Search “meta-analysis”[Publication Type] OR “meta-analysis as topic”[MeSH Terms] OR “meta-analysis”[All Fields]49653
#6Search “Comparative Study”[Publication Type]1526061
#7Search (“review”[Publication Type] AND “systematic”[tiab]) OR “systematic review”[All Fields] OR (“review literature as topic”[MeSH AND “systematic”[tiab])42341
#8Search ((#3 AND (#4 OR #5 OR #6 OR #7)) AND “2011/01/01”[Entrez Date] : “3000”[Entrez Date]) AND “0”[Entrez Date] : “3000”[Entrez Date]69
#9Search #3 Limits: Clinical Trial, Meta-Analysis, Randomized Controlled Trial, Clinical Trial, Phase I, Clinical Trial, Phase II, Clinical Trial, Phase III, Clinical Trial, Phase IV, Comparative Study, Controlled Clinical Trial, Multicenter Study3494
#10Search ((#9) AND “2011/01/01”[Entrez Date] : “3000”[Entrez Date]) AND “0”[Entrez Date] : “3000”[Entrez Date]51
#11Search #8 OR #1072
#12Search #11 Limits: Humans, English59

Searches with analogous terms and publication dates in the year 2011 were performed on August 29, 2011 in the following databases:

  • IPA, CINAHL®, and PsycINFO® = 4
  • Embase® = 84
  • Cochrane = 173

Total additional references identified by the update searches = 320; 275 remained after duplicates were removed.

Handsearches of the following references yielded 227 articles

A search of clinicaltrials.gov yielded 282 trials that resulted in 216 publications

Total references from main and update searches, handsearches, and the clinicaltrials.gov search, minus duplicates = 6,265

  1. Ballesteros J, Duffy JC, Querejeta I, et al. Efficacy of brief interventions for hazardous drinkers in primary care: systematic review and meta-analyses. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2004 Apr;28(4):608–18. [PubMed: 15100612]
  2. Beich A, Thorsen T, Rollnick S. Screening in brief intervention trials targeting excessive drinkers in general practice: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2003 Sep 6;327(7414):536–42. [PMC free article: PMC192891] [PubMed: 12958114]
  3. Bertholet N, Daeppen JB, Wietlisbach V, et al. Reduction of alcohol consumption by brief alcohol intervention in primary care: systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med. 2005 May 9;165(9):986–95. [PubMed: 15883236]
  4. Cuijpers P, Riper H, Lemmers L. The effects on mortality of brief interventions for problem drinking: a meta-analysis. Addiction. 2004 Jul;99(7):839–45. [PubMed: 15200579]
  5. Drummond C, Coulton S, James D, et al. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a stepped care intervention for alcohol use disorders in primary care: pilot study. Br J Psychiatry. 2009 Nov;195(5):448–56. [PubMed: 19880936]
  6. Fleming MF, Balousek SL, Grossberg PM, et al. Brief physician advice for heavy drinking college students: a randomized controlled trial in college health clinics. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010 Jan;71(1):23–31. [PMC free article: PMC2815058] [PubMed: 20105410]
  7. Kaner EF, Beyer F, Dickinson HO, et al. Effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care populations. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007;(2):CD004148. [PubMed: 17443541]
  8. Lin JC, Karno MP, Tang L, et al. Do health educator telephone calls reduce at-risk drinking among older adults in primary care? Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2010;25(4):334–9. First Author & Affiliation: Lin, James C. [PMC free article: PMC2842558] [PubMed: 20101471]
  9. Moore AA, Blow FC, Hoffing M, et al. Primary care-based intervention to reduce at-risk drinking in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Addiction. 2011 Jan;106(1):111–20. [PMC free article: PMC3059722] [PubMed: 21143686]
  10. Stade BC, Bailey C, Dzendoletas D, et al. Psychological and/or educational interventions for reducing alcohol consumption in pregnant women and women planning pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(2):CD004228. [PMC free article: PMC4164939] [PubMed: 19370597]
Cover of Screening, Behavioral Counseling, and Referral in Primary Care To Reduce Alcohol Misuse
Screening, Behavioral Counseling, and Referral in Primary Care To Reduce Alcohol Misuse [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 64.
Jonas DE, Garbutt JC, Brown JM, et al.

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