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TABLE 31Caloric intake in children with persistent diarrhoea

StudyTreatment armsp-value
Amadi et al. 2005,52, Amadi et al. 200258Neocate (n = 100)     Standard skimmed milk/soy diet (n = 100)
Median (IQR)a intake, kcal/kg/day
 Week 1116 (86–143), n = 95     167 (130–214), n = 97< 0.0001
 Week 2168 (135–203), n = 85     258 (210–301), n = 93< 0.0001
 Week 3184 (166–206), n = 75     283 (229–337), n = 85< 0.0001
 Week 4187 (163–210), n = 70     269 (214–305), n = 79< 0.0001
Bhutta et al. 199453Soy (n = 21)     KY milk (n = 19)
Mean caloric intake ± SD, kcal/kg/dayb
 Week 1140.1 ± 33.4     115.1 ± 25.1< 0.02
 Week 2157.1 ± 72.3     151.6 ± 32.3NS
 Overall154.2 ± 36.8     132.8 ± 27.6NS
Nurko et al. 199756Chicken (n = 15)Nursoy (n = 13)Vivonex (n = 13)
Mean number of total calories, /kg/day ± SD after full diet tolerated116.0 ± 9.6111.3 ± 9.1115.2 ± 8.3NS

NS, not statistically significant.

a

Not explicitly stated, but data presumed to be median (IQR).

b

Not explicitly stated, but data presumed to be mean ± SD.

Not explicitly stated, but data presumed to be median (IQR).

Not explicitly stated, but data presumed to be mean ± SD.

From: 4, Assessment of clinical effectiveness

Cover of The Effectiveness of Interventions to Treat Severe Acute Malnutrition in Young Children: A Systematic Review
The Effectiveness of Interventions to Treat Severe Acute Malnutrition in Young Children: A Systematic Review.
Health Technology Assessment, No. 16.19.
Picot J, Hartwell D, Harris P, et al.
© 2012, Crown Copyright.

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