TABLE 19Duration of diarrhoea in children with acute diarrhoea

StudyTreatment armsp-value
Alam et al. 200051H-ORS (n = 41)     WHO-ORS (n = 40)
Mean duration of diarrhoea ± SD, hours
Rehydration phase10.95 ± 2.23     11.72 ± 2.26NS
Maintenance phasea10.45 ± 2.09     16.36 ± 2.010.007 (95% CI 0.46 to 0.88)
Overall24.35 ± 1.57     30.12 ± 1.69NS
Dutta et al. 200154H-ORS (n = 32)     WHO/UNICEF-ORS (n = 32)
Mean duration of diarrhoea ± SD, hours41.5 ± 25.1     66.4 ± 32.30.001
Alam et al. 200957Glucose-ORS (n = 58)Glucose-ORS + ARS (n = 59)Rice-ORS (n = 58)
Median duration of diarrhoea (95% CI), hours72 (62 to 82)60 (50 to 70)54 (44 to 54)0.530
Dutta et al. 200055Zinc + ORS (n = 44)     Placebo + ORS (n = 36)
Mean duration of diarrhoea ± SD, hours70.4 ± 10.0     103.4 ± 17.10.0001

NS, not statistically significant.

a

n = 22 H-ORS, n = 19 WHO-ORS.

From: 4, Assessment of clinical effectiveness

Cover of The Effectiveness of Interventions to Treat Severe Acute Malnutrition in Young Children: A Systematic Review
The Effectiveness of Interventions to Treat Severe Acute Malnutrition in Young Children: A Systematic Review.
Health Technology Assessment, No. 16.19.
Picot J, Hartwell D, Harris P, et al.
Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2012 Apr.
© 2012, Crown Copyright.

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