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Table 26Study characteristics table for residential settings

Residential unit versus outpatient treatmentResidential unit versus day hospitalDay hospital versus outpatient treatmentResidential unit versus residential unitShort duration versus longer duration inpatient
Total number of trials (total number of participants)3 RCTs (N = 334)7 RCTs (N = 1453)1 RCT (N = 382)1 RCT (N = 141)3 RCTs (N = 493)
Study ID
KESO1998
  1. PITTMAN1975
Baseline severity: mean (SD)
  1. Average daily absolute alcohol (g):
    Inpatient: 256.3
    Outpatient: 202.2
    Confrontational interview: 226.2
  2. DDD (mean [SD]) Inpatient (n = 62): 10.95 (8.14)
    Intensive outpatient (n = 69): 10.24 (6.62)
    Standard outpatient (n = 61): 10.66 (6.77)
  3. Averaged 6.3 drinks a day and 19.8 drinking days in the month preceding interview; 21% had been drink daily and 45% weekly in previous month
  1. Not available
  2. Mean number of days of abstinence in preceding 6 months
    Inpatient: 7.51
    Day: 8.28
  3. Number of days of alcohol intoxication (in previous 30 days): (mean [SD])
    Random assignment
    Day hospital: 16.79 (7.29)
    Inpatient: 12.96 (7.64)
  4. Consumed alcohol on an average of 295 of the previous 365 days
    Consumed an average of 18 × 1.5-fluid-ounce drinks (17 ml) of 40% ethanol per day
  5. Not available
  6. DDD (30 days prior to admission) (mean [SD])
    Inpatient: 12.3 (6.9)
    Day hospital: 26.6 (32.2)
    PDA (mean [SD])
    Inpatient: 26.6 (32.)
    Day hospital: 28.6 (28.9)
  7. Not available
  1. Baseline PDA (mean): Inpatient: 48.1
    Intensive outpatient: 54.4
    Outpatient: 61.8
  2. Not available
Consumption of alcohol 2-month average in grams per day (mean [SD])
Kailiola AA-type: (Hazelden/Minnesota model): 112.2(80.3)
Jarvenpaa traditional-type treatment: 98.3 (72.8)
  1. Not available
  2. 92.3% intoxicated upon admission to treatment, all alcoholism diagnosis
  3. Not available
Treatment length
  1. 6 weeks
  2. 28 days
  3. 3 weeks
1.

Range: 28 to 31 days

2.

Range: 2 to 3 weeks

3–6.

Range: 28 to 31 days

7.

Day hospital range: 2 to 3 weeks

Residential: up to 60 days
  1. Range: 22.77 days to 12 weeks
  2. Range: 28 to 31 days
28 days
  1. 9 day versus 21 day
  2. 7 to 20 days versus 3 to 6 weeks
  3. 9 day versus 21 day
Length of follow-up (if available)
  1. 6 and 18 months
  2. 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 months
  3. 1,3,6, 12, 18 and 24 months post-treatment
  1. Not available
  2. 6, 12, 18 and 24 months
  3. 3, 6 and 12 months
  4. 12 months
  5. 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 months
  6. 3, 6, 9 and 12 months
  7. 6 and 12 months
  1. 3, 6 and 9 months
  2. 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 months
12 months
  1. 3 and 6 months
  2. 3 and 12 months
  3. 2, 4, 7, 10 and 13 months
Abstinent or non-abstinent prior to trial
1–2.

Not available

3.

Non-abstinent

4–5.

Not available

6.

Combined with initial inpatient assisted withdrawal

7.

Not available

Country
1.

New Zealand

2–3.

US

1–3.

US

4.

Canada

5.

US

6.

Germany

7.

US

1–2.

US

Finland
1–3.

US

From: 5, ORGANISATION AND DELIVERY OF CARE

Cover of Alcohol-Use Disorders
Alcohol-Use Disorders: Diagnosis, Assessment and Management of Harmful Drinking and Alcohol Dependence.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 115.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2011.
Copyright © 2011, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

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