Table 39Comparing different formats of 12-step facilitation evidence summary

Outcome or subgroupNStatistical methodEffect estimate (SMD, 95% CI)
Abstinence
PDA up to 6 months follow-up
At 3-month follow-up102SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.40 (−0.79, −0.00)
At 6-month follow-up97SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.41 (−0.81, −0.01)
PDA 7- to 12-month follow-up
At 9-month follow-up95SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.57 (−0.98, −0.16)
At 12-month follow-up95SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.58 (−0.99, −0.17)
Lapse or relapse
Number of participants lapsed 7- to 12-month follow-up
At 12-month follow-up307RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)0.81 (0.66, 1.00)
Rates of consumption
Percentage of days heavy drinking up to 6-month follow-up
At 3-month follow-up102SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.20 (−0.59, 0.19)
At 6-month follow-up97SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.07 (−0.47, 0.33)
Percentage of days heavy drinking at 7- to 12-month follow-up
At 9-month follow-up95SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.20 (−0.60, 0.20)
At 12-month follow-up95SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.09 (−0.50, 0.31)
Attrition (dropout)
Attrition (dropout) post-treatment345RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)1.01 (0.55, 1.84)
Attrition (dropout) up to 6-month follow-up
At 3-month follow-up111OR (M-H, Fixed, 95% CI)0.29 (0.06, 1.44)
At 6-month follow-up102OR (M-H, Fixed, 95% CI)1.53 (0.24, 9.57)
Attrition (dropout) 7- to 12-month follow-up
At 9-month follow-up97RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)1.02 (0.07, 15.86)
At 12-month follow-up440RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)1.04 (0.52, 2.06)

From: 6, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL INTERVENTIONS

Cover of Alcohol-Use Disorders
Alcohol-Use Disorders: Diagnosis, Assessment and Management of Harmful Drinking and Alcohol Dependence.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 115.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2011.
Copyright © 2011, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

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