Table 48Summary of study characteristics for behavioural therapies

Behavioural therapies versus control/TAUBehavioural therapies versus other active interventionDifferent formats of behavioural therapy
K (total N)2 RCTs (N = 134)4 RCTs (N = 3420)2 RCTs (N = 199)
Study ID
Diagnosis
  1. Not reported
  2. DSM alcohol dependent
  1. Not reported
  2. DSM alcohol dependent
  3. Not reported
  4. 85% had low level alcohol dependence and 15% had moderate levels
  1. Not reported
  2. DSM alcohol dependent
Baseline severity
  1. Consuming >84 standard ethanol units per week
  2. ADS score: 20.7
    SMAST score: 9.97
    DDD: 12.1; abstinent days: 47%; heavy drinking days: 45%
  1. Consuming >84 standard ethanol units per week
  2. SADQ-C score: approximately 13.7 AUDIT score: approximately 28
    Weekly alcohol consumption: approximately 37
  3. SADQ-C score: 18.81 ICQ score: 13.05
    CDSES* score: 35.93
    Drinking days per month: 20.2; consumption per occasion: 8.82
  4. ADS score: 8.4
    Abstinent days/month: 11.0; Frequency of more than six drinks per drinking period per month: 5.1
  1. SADQ-C score: 18.7
    APQ score: 10.1 DDD: 19.96; abstinent days: 19.14%
  2. SADQ-C score: approximately 13.7
    AUDIT score: approximately 28
    Weekly alcohol consumption: approximately 37
Number of sessionsRange: 6 to 12Range: 6 to 128 sessions
Length of treatmentRange: 6 to 12 weeksRange: 6 to 12 weeks8 weeks
Length of follow-upRange: 6 to 24 monthsRange: 3 to 12 monthsRange: 3 to 12 months
Setting
  1. Outpatient clinical research unit
  2. Inpatient VA medical centre
1–4.

Outpatient clinical research unit

1–2.

Outpatient clinical research unit

Treatment goal
  1. Drinking reduction/moderation
  2. Not explicitly stated
1–4.

Drinking reduction/moderation

1–2.

Drinking reduction/moderation

Country
  1. Canada
  2. US
1–3.

Australia

4.

US

  1. UK
  2. Australia

Note.

*

CDSES = Controlled Drinking Self-Efficacy Scale.

CDSES = Controlled Drinking Self-Efficacy Scale.

From: 6, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL INTERVENTIONS

Cover of Alcohol-Use Disorders
Alcohol-Use Disorders: Diagnosis, Assessment and Management of Harmful Drinking and Alcohol Dependence.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 115.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2011.
Copyright © 2011, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

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