Table 44Cognitive behavioural therapies versus other interventions evidence summary (2)

Outcome or subgroupNStatistical methodEffect estimate (SMD, 95% CI)
Amount of alcohol consumed
Amount of alcohol consumed post-treatment1788SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)0.02 (−0.19, 0.22)
Amount of alcohol consumed up to 6-month follow-up
Number of participants consuming at hazardous/harmful levels weekly – at 6-month follow-up295RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)1.09 (0.80, 1.49)
Number of participants binge drinking had at least 12 binge episodes in previous 30 days – at 6-month follow-up295RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)1.12 (0.84, 1.49)
Number of participants binge drinking at all (at least one binge episode in previous 30 days) at 6-month follow-up295RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)0.95 (0.87, 1.05)
Units of alcohol per week at 5-month follow-up48SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)0.20 (−0.37, 0.77)
Units of alcohol per week at 6-month follow-up45SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)0.16 (−0.42, 0.75)
Drinks per occasion/drinking day at 6 months1683SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)0.07 (−0.13, 0.26)
Drinks per week at 6 months115SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.09 (−0.46, 0.27)
Amount of alcohol consumed – 7-to 12-month follow-up
Alcohol consumption (centilitres pure alcohol) at 12-month follow-up24SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−1.15 (−2.02, −0.27)
DDD at 9-month follow-up1615SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.03 (−0.13, 0.08)
DDD at 12-month follow-up1683SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)0.07 (−0.04, 0.17)
Amount of alcohol consumed >12-month follow-up1618SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.02 (−0.12, 0.08)
Grams absolute alcohol per drinking day at 15-month follow-up44SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.07 (−0.66, 0.53)
DDD at 15-month follow-up1574SMD (IV, Random, 95% CI)−0.02 (−0.12, 0.09)
Attrition (dropout)
Attrition (dropout) post-treatment2267RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)1.05 (0.61, 1.80)
Attrition (dropout) – up to 6-month follow-up
At 3-month follow-up200RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)1.29 (0.60, 2.78)
At 6-month follow-up2296RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)0.93 (0.59, 1.48)
Attrition (dropout) – 7- 12-month follow-up
At 9-month follow-up1788RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)1.61 (0.76, 3.40)
At 12-month follow-up1988RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)1.27 (0.47, 3.41)
Attrition (dropout) – >12-month follow-up1773RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)1.75 (0.84, 3.64)
At 15-month follow-up1643RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)1.65 (0.77, 3.52)
At 18-month follow-up130RR (M-H, Random, 95% CI)4.29 (0.21, 85.82)


Cover of Alcohol-Use Disorders
Alcohol-Use Disorders: Diagnosis, Assessment and Management of Harmful Drinking and Alcohol Dependence.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 115.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2011.
Copyright © 2011, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. Enquiries in this regard should be directed to the British Psychological Society.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.