Figure F23 is a forest plot diagram depicting specificity of mixed symptoms compared to clinical diagnosis (“gold standard”) for mixed urinary incontinence. The data came from 3 studies. The plot has two columns. The left-hand column lists the last name of the first author for each study and the year of the publication. The right-hand column is a plot of specificity as percentage with 95% CI of the subjects without symptoms of mixed urinary incontinence and without clinical diagnosis of mixed urinary incontinence. Pooled with random effects model mean specificity is presented by a square incorporating confidence intervals represented by horizontal lines. Figure demonstrates that in average, 54% (95%CI 21; 84 %) of women without symptoms of mixed urinary incontinence did not have clinical diagnosis of mixed UI.

Appendix Figure F23Specificity of mixed symptoms compared to clinical diagnosis (“gold standard”) for mixed UI71,76,81

From: Appendix F, Evidence Tables and Evidence Figures

Cover of Nonsurgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in Adult Women: Diagnosis and Comparative Effectiveness
Nonsurgical Treatments for Urinary Incontinence in Adult Women: Diagnosis and Comparative Effectiveness [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 36.
Shamliyan T, Wyman J, Kane RL.

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