Table 22Descriptions/definitions of CPP in studies assessed

StudyCPP Description/Definition
Droz et al., 201176Nonmenstrual pelvic pain of 6 or more months' duration that is severe enough to cause functional disability or require medical or surgical treatment
Fenton et al., 201186May involve organ system diagnoses including gynecologic pain, interstitial cystitis or painful bladder syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, vulvodynia, pelvic floor tension myalgia, and abdominal and pelvic myofascial pain
Vercellini et al., 201097Persistent pelvic pain (dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, nonmenstrual pelvic pain) of more than 6 months' duration
Daniels et al., 200951Noncyclical pain, dysmenorrhea, or dyspareunia lasting longer than 6 months, located within and below the anterior iliac crests
Montenegro et al., 200978Continuous or recurrent pain in the lower abdomen or pelvis lasting at least 6 months, not related to pregnancy, and sufficiently severe to interfere with habitual activities; CPP excludes pain occurring exclusively in association with menstruation or during sexual intercourse
Pitts et al., 200879Any type of pain in the pelvic region including dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and pelvic pain not occurring with periods of intercourse, either on and off or constantly
Stratton et al., 200877,85Pelvic pain for at least 3 months
Fenton et al., 200787NR
Paulson et al., 200788Constant or intermittent pain of greater than 6-month duration is present in the pelvic area and lower abdomen
Abbott et al., 200695Chronic pelvic pain (dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, dyschezia, and nonmenstrual pelvic pain) causing disruption to daily activities
Grace et al., 200614,15Pain in the lower abdomen of at least 6 months duration that is not associated with menstruation or sexual activity
Heyman et al., 200696Acyclic pain of at least 6-months duration; pain is typically dull, with diffuse aching throughout the lower abdomen or localized at the iliac fossa. Pain may increase pre- and paramenstrually. Upon rectal palpation, the findings in CPP consist of tenderness of the following structures: the musculature of the pelvic floor and possibly the coccygeal vertebrae and/ or the sacrotuberous/spinal ligaments
Lamvu et al., 200670Noncyclic pain of at least 6 months duration, localized to the pelvis, anterior abdominal wall, at or below the umbilicus and lower back and buttocks
Verit et al., 200692Pain longer than 6 month's duration, not exclusively associated with menstrual periods or sexual intercourse
Tu et al., 200689NR
Palomba et al., 200694Severe midline pelvic pain persisting for more than 6 months and unresponsive to common medical treatment
Sator-Katzenschlager et al., 200571Chronic pelvic pain persisting longer than 6 months
Williams et al., 200572,73Extended duration of pain in the pelvis; pain may originate from any organ system or pathology and may have multiple contributing factors
Zupi et al., 200498NR
Johnson et al., 200480Pelvic pain present as dysmenorrhea (primary or secondary), nonmenstrual pain, deep dyspareunia (pain with sexual intercourse) or dyschezia (defecatory pain) from more than 6 months
Onwude et al., 2004101NR
Chung et al., 200374Noncyclic abdominal and pelvic pain lasting at least 6 months
Swank et al., 200393Continuous or intermittent abdominal pain of at least 6 months' duration
Zondervan et al., 200113Constant or intermittent pelvic pain of ≥6 months' duration, not exclusively associated with menstrual periods or sexual intercourse
Parazinni et al., 2000100Pelvic pain lasting 3–12 months after laparoscopy or laparotomy
Bodden-Heidrich et al., 199990Chronic pain in the lower abdomen lasting longer than 6 months
Ling et al., 199981Chronic pelvic pain for at least 6 months unrelated to menstruation
Vercellini et al., 199699NR
Matthias et al., 199610Pain below the belly button or in the female organs for at least 6 months
Gestrinone Italian Study Group, 199683NR
Saravelos et al., 199584Pain in the pelvis persisting for ≥ 6 months
Carlson et al., 199454Pain of at least 6 months duration
Ghaly, 1994102Pain of at least 6 months duration
Vercellini et al., 199382NR
Walton et al., 1992103NR
Peters et al., 199175Chronic pelvic pain for at least 3 months

Abbreviation: CPP = noncyclic chronic pelvic pain.

From: Summary and Discussion

Cover of Noncyclic Chronic Pelvic Pain Therapies for Women: Comparative Effectiveness
Noncyclic Chronic Pelvic Pain Therapies for Women: Comparative Effectiveness [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 41.
Andrews J, Yunker A, Reynolds WS, et al.

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