Effectiveness of Information and Support in the management of Children with Chronic Constipation

Bibliographic InformationReason for rejecting study
Loening-Baucke. Constipation in early childhood: patient characteristics, treatment, and longterm follow up. 1993. Gut 34[10], 1400-1404Prospective case series. Combined interventions and outcomes not related to any specific intervention. Better studies available
Bernard-Bonnin et al. Parental and patient perceptions about encopresis and its treatment. 1993. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 14[6], 397-400Service intervention not clearly described in term of information and support provided
Bonner et al. Children who soil: guidelines for good practice. 2003. Journal of Family Health Care 13[2], 32No outcomes reported
Vitito. Self-care interventions for the school-aged child with encopresis. 2000. Gastroenterology Nursing 23[2], 73-77Non systematic review on interventions already included in the guideline. No interventions related to providing information and support
Gardner et al. ICP for children attending the nurse led constipation clinic. 2006. Journal of Integrated Care Pathways 10[2], 68United Kingdom.No outcomes reported
McDonald et al. Constipation and soiling - Outcome of treatment at one year. 2004. Scottish Medical Journal 49[3], 98-100United Kingdom.Retrospective case series. No interventions related to information and support
Glia et al. Quality of life in patients with different types of functional constipation. 1997. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 32[11], 1083-1089Population age range 17 to 79 years (median 53)
Lawes et al. Continence Journal. Encopresis in children with learning disabilities. 2007. Nursing Times 103[14], 43-44Health outcomes in children not reported
Eshchar et al. Re-education of constipated patients-- A non-medical treatment. 1981. American Journal of Proctology, Gastroenterology and Colon and Rectal Surgery 32[9], 16-17Population age range 7 to 72 years (mean 42)
Smith et al. Constipation services for children: the role of health visitor teams. 2006. British Journal of Nursing 15[4], 193-195Survey, no intervention
van Ginkel et al. Childhood constipation: Longitudinal follow-up beyond puberty. 2003. Gastroenterology 125[2], 357-363United States.Prospective case series. Interventions and outcomes poorly reported. Better studies available
van der Plas et al. Treatment of defaecation problems in children: the role of education, demystification and toilet training. 1997. European Journal of Pediatrics 156[9], 689-692Prospective case series. Education and support not clearly described. Will be considered for review on psychological/behavioural interventions
Levine et al. Children with encopresis: a study of treatment outcome. 1976. Pediatrics 58[6], 845-852Prospective case series. Laxative + education + toilet training. Will be considered for review on psychological/behavioural interventions
Collis et al. Childhood chronic constipation: an innovative community-based parent education group program. 2007. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal 54[4], 307-309Poor methodological study. Paper mainly concerned with describing the programme. Parents surveyed, but sample size not reported, authors stated that program has been “informally evaluated”. Poor reporting of outcomes
Fishman et al. Trends in referral to a single encopresis clinic over 20 years. 2003. Pediatrics 111[5 Pt 1], e604-e607Retrospective cohort. Unclear whether there was any element of information/support in the intervention
Rennie et al. Home-based management of constipation and soiling. 1997. Ambulatory Child Health 3[3], 219-224United Kingdom.Retrospective case note audit. Small sample size. Better studies available
Procter et al. A 6-year follow-up study of chronic constipation and soiling in a specialist paediatric service. 2003. Child: Care, Health and Development 29[2], 103-109United Kingdom.Retrospective postal survey. No intervention described
Hambleton et al. User satisfaction with a constipation service: a comparative audit. 2006. Paediatric Nursing 18[1], 23-26Retrospective audit. Small sample size. Better studies available

From: Appendix K, Excluded studies

Cover of Constipation in Children and Young People
Constipation in Children and Young People: Diagnosis and Management of Idiopathic Childhood Constipation in Primary and Secondary Care.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 99.
National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).
London: RCOG Press; 2010.
Copyright © 2010, National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher or, in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency in the UK [www.cla.co.uk]. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside the terms stated here should be sent to the publisher at the UK address printed on this page.

The use of registered names, trademarks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant laws and regulations and therefore for general use.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.