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Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet]. York (UK): Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK); 1995-.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet].

Effectiveness of rehabilitation in enhancing community integration after acute traumatic brain injury: a systematic review

Review published: 2010.

Bibliographic details: Kim H, Colantonio A.  Effectiveness of rehabilitation in enhancing community integration after acute traumatic brain injury: a systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy 2010; 64 (5): 709-19. [PubMed: 21073101]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We assessed evidence for post-acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation interventions used to enhance community integration (CI) relevant to occupational therapy.

METHOD: We conducted a systematic review of intervention studies on TBI rehabilitation from 1990 to 2007.

RESULTS: We analyzed and summarized 10 studies that met the inclusion criteria. Of 10 studies, 7 found that post-acute TBI rehabilitation benefits CI; all effective studies involved occupational therapy or involved interventions occupational therapists can do.

CONCLUSION: Many CI programs show positive results and should be studied more rigorously. Such promising programs should also be considered when decisions about post-acute TBI rehabilitation services for clients are being made. To further establish that post-acute TBI rehabilitation interventions improve CI, future studies should include intervention strategies based on injury severity, a control group, and longer term follow-up. The role of occupational therapy in these effective programs should be further explored.

CRD has determined that this article meets the DARE scientific quality criteria for a systematic review.

Copyright © 2014 University of York.

PMID: 21073101

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