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Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet]. York (UK): Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK); 1995-.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews.

Transitioning from 16-slice to 64-slice multidetector computed tomography for the assessment of coronary artery disease: are we really making progress?

Review published: 2009.

Bibliographic details: Khan R, Rawal S, Eisenberg MJ.  Transitioning from 16-slice to 64-slice multidetector computed tomography for the assessment of coronary artery disease: are we really making progress? Canadian Journal of Cardiology 2009; 25(9): 533-542. [PMC free article: PMC2780905] [PubMed: 19746244]

Quality assessment

This review concluded that multi-detector computed tomography offered an accurate assessment of the coronary arteries, stented arteries and bypass grafts. Limitations in relation to the literature search, quality assessment and analysis mean that these conclusions should be interpreted with extreme caution. Full critical summary

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has demonstrated promise in the noninvasive evaluation of coronary artery disease.

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature regarding the improved diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice MDCT.

METHODS: An EMBASE, OVID, PubMed and Cochrane Library database search was performed using the key words 'computed tomography' matched with the terms 'coronary artery' or 'coronary angiography' to identify English-language articles examining MDCT cardiac imaging. Studies that compared 16-slice or 64-slice MDCT with catheter-based coronary angiography for the detection of coronary artery disease in nonrevascularized, poststent and post-coronary artery bypass graft patients were included. Data were pooled to obtain a weighted sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy for MDCT. Negative and positive predictive values, and likelihood ratios were calculated based on sensitivity and specificity.

RESULTS: Currently, 15 studies involving 1008 patients have examined the efficacy of 64-slice MDCT in the assessment of coronary artery stenosis (more than 50% luminal narrowing). In these studies, 64-slice MDCT has demonstrated a sensitivity (89%), specificity (96%) and diagnostic accuracy (95%) similar to that of 16-slice MDCT. However, 64-slice MDCT was able to assess 5% more coronary artery segments than 16-slice MDCT. In revascularized patients, MDCT can accurately assess both bypass graft occlusion and stenosis. The 64-slice MDCT is also capable of adequately detecting in-stent restenosis. Improvements in spatial and temporal resolution with 64-slice technology have decreased the occurrence of high attenuation and motion artefacts that plagued the previous generation of MDCT scanners.

CONCLUSION: MDCT offers an accurate assessment of the coronary arteries, stented arteries and bypass grafts. The improved accuracy and safety of MDCT may reduce the need for catheter-based coronary angiography.

CRD has determined that this article meets the DARE scientific quality criteria for a systematic review.

Copyright © 2014 University of York.

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