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Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet]. York (UK): Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK); 1995-.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews.

Autogenous versus prosthetic vascular access for hemodialysis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Review published: 2008.

Bibliographic details: Murad MH, Elamin MB, Sidawy AN, Malaga G, Rizvi AZ, Flynn DN, Casey ET, McCausland FR, McGrath MM, Vo DH, El-Zoghby Z, Duncan AA, Tracz MJ, Erwin PJ, Montori VM.  Autogenous versus prosthetic vascular access for hemodialysis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Vascular Surgery 2008; 48(5 Supplement): 34S-47S. [PubMed: 19000592]

Quality assessment

The review concluded that low-quality evidence from inconsistent studies with limited protection against bias showed that autogenous access for chronic haemodialysis was superior to prosthetic access. The authors' cautious conclusions are likely to be reliable. Full critical summary

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The autogenous arteriovenous access for chronic hemodialysis is recommended over the prosthetic access because of its longer lifespan. However, more than half of the United States dialysis patients receive a prosthetic access. We conducted a systematic review to summarize the best available evidence comparing the two accesses types in terms of patient-important outcomes.

METHODS: We searched electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, Web of Science and SCOPUS) and included randomized controlled trials and controlled cohort studies. We pooled data for each outcome using a random effects model to estimate the relative risk (RR) and its associated 95% confidence interval (CI). We estimated inconsistency caused by true differences between studies using the I(2) statistic.

RESULTS: Eighty-three studies, of which 80 were nonrandomized, met eligibility criteria. Compared with the prosthetic access, the autogenous access was associated with a significant reduction in the risk of death (RR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.67-0.86; I(2) = 48%, 27 studies) and access infection (RR, 0.18; 95% CI, 0.11-0.31; I(2) = 93%, 43 studies), and a nonsignificant reduction in the risk of postoperative complications (hematoma, bleeding, pseudoaneurysm and steal syndrome, RR 0.73; 95% CI, 0.48-1.16; I(2) = 65%, 31 studies) and length of hospitalization (pooled weighted mean difference -3.8 days; 95% CI, -7.8 to 0.2; P = .06). The autogenous access also had better primary and secondary patency at 12 and 36 months.

CONCLUSION: Low-quality evidence from inconsistent studies with limited protection against bias shows that autogenous access for chronic hemodialysis is superior to prosthetic access.

CRD has determined that this article meets the DARE scientific quality criteria for a systematic review.

Copyright © 2012 University of York.

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