Table 62Withdrawals due to adverse events of ECT versus rTMS: Tier 3, MDD and ≤ 20 percent bipolar disorder

Author, Year
Design
Duration
Quality
Intervention and Sample Size
Study Details
Discontinuations During Treatment
McLoughlin et al., 2007,61 Eranti et al., 2007,62 and Knapp et al., 200863
RCT
3 weeks
Good
ECT (n = 24)
82% bilateral, mean sessions 6.3 (SD 2.5)
rTMS (n = 22)
High frequency, 15 sessions
Due to AEs: 0
O'Connor, 2003126
Prospective cohort
Up to 4 weeks
Fair
ECT (n = 14)
Unilateral, 3 times per week for 2 to 4 weeks
rTMS (n = 14)
High frequency, 10 sessions
Due to AEs: 0

AE = adverse event; ECT = electroconvulsive therapy; n = number; RCT = randomized controlled trial; rTMS = repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; SD = standard deviation

From: Results

Cover of Nonpharmacologic Interventions for Treatment-Resistant Depression in Adults
Nonpharmacologic Interventions for Treatment-Resistant Depression in Adults [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 33.
Gaynes BN, Lux LJ, Lloyd SW, et al.

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