Table A.1Meta-analysis of rehydration and complication rates for ORT and IVT; data from Hartling et al.83

OutcomeRate
ORTIVT
Failure to rehydratea0.0650.029
Hyponatremia0.1130.079
Hypernatremia0.0020.002
Paralytic ileusa0.0270.000
Phlebitisa0.0000.027
Peri-orbital oedema0.0260.026
Abdominal distension0.0170.000
Seizures0.0000.000
a

Indicates statistical significance at the 5% level.

Indicates statistical significance at the 5% level.

From: Appendix A, Cost-effectiveness of IVT versus ORT for children with dehydration

Cover of Diarrhoea and Vomiting Caused by Gastroenteritis
Diarrhoea and Vomiting Caused by Gastroenteritis: Diagnosis, Assessment and Management in Children Younger than 5 Years.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 84.
National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).
London: RCOG Press; 2009 Apr.
Copyright © 2009, National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health.

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