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What should be included in a formal assessment of a baby with neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia?

ReferenceReason for exclusion
Abolghasemi H, Mehrani H, and Amid A. An update on the prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and neonatal jaundice in Tehran neonates. Clinical Biochemistry 2004; 37:(3)241–4.Babies were only tested for G6PD
Adachi Y, Katoh H, Fuchi I et al. Serum bilirubin fractions in healthy subjects and patients with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Clinical Biochemistry 1990; 23:(3)247–51.Diagnostic criteria not specified
Ahlfors CE and Parker AE. Evaluation of a model for brain bilirubin uptake in jaundiced newborns. Pediatric Research 2005; 58:(6)1175–9.Modelling study
Ahlfors CE and Parker AE. Unbound bilirubin concentration is associated with abnormal automated auditory brainstem response for jaundiced newborns. Pediatrics 2008; 121:(5)976–8.Test not relevant to this guideline - value of Auditory brainstem response as a predictor of kernicterus
Ahlfors CE and Wennberg RP. Bilirubin-albumin binding and neonatal jaundice. Seminars in Perinatology 2004; 28:(5)334–9.Commentary
Ahlfors CE, Amin SB, and Parker AE. Unbound bilirubin predicts abnormal automated auditory brainstem response in a diverse newborn population. Journal of Perinatology 2009; 29:(4)305–9.Test not relevant to this guideline
Ahlfors CE. Bilirubin-albumin binding and free bilirubin. Journal of Perinatology 2001; 21:(SUPPL. 1)S40-S42.Commentary
Ahlfors CE. Criteria for exchange transfusion in jaundiced newborns. Pediatrics 1994; 93:(3)488–94.Using the bilirubin/albumin ratio and indicator for exchange transfusion
Ahlfors CE. Measurement of plasma unbound unconjugated bilirubin. Analytical Biochemistry 2000; 279:(2)130–5.Comparison of different methods for measuring conjugated bilirubin
Ahlfors CE. Unbound bilirubin associated with kernicterus: a historical approach. Journal of Pediatrics 2000; 137:(4)540–4.Theoretic analysis of laboratory data
Ahmadi AH and Ghazizadeh Z. Evaluation of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency without hemolysis in icteric newborns at Mazandaran province, Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 2008; 11:(10)1394–7.Physiological jaundice was excluded
Ahmed P and Ahmad KN. Screening of the newborns for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Indian Pediatrics 1983; 20:(5)351–5.Babies with ABO or Rh incompatibility were excluded
Akman I, Ozek E, Kulekci S et al. Auditory neuropathy in hyperbilirubinemia: is there a correlation between serum bilirubin, neuron-specific enolase levels and auditory neuropathy? International Journal of Audiology 2004; 43:(9)516–22.Babies with haemolysis were excluded
Al-Dabbous IA, Owa JA, and Al-Khater NS. Neonatal jaundice in Qatif: The role of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in the etiology among outpatient cases. Annals of Saudi Medicine 1995; 15:(5)539–41.No entry level criteria for jaundice were used
Alden ER, Lynch SR, and Wennberg RP. Carboxyhemoglobin determination in evaluating neonatal jaundice. American Journal of Diseases of Children 1974; 127:(2)214–7.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Al-Magamci MSF, Khan A, Bhat BA et al. Neonatal jaundice: An etiological survey in the Madinah region. Annals of Saudi Medicine 1996; 16:(2)221–3.Subjects with physiological jaundice were excluded
Al-Naama LM, Al-Sadoon IA, and Al-Naama MM. Neonatal jaundice and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Basrah. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics 1987; 7:(2)134–8.Babies were not tested for blood group incompatibility
AlOtaibi SF, Blaser S, and MacGregor DL. Neurological complications of kernicterus. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences 2005; 32:(3)311–5.Unclear if blood group incompatibility was tested for
Amin SB, Ahlfors C, Orlando MS et al. Bilirubin and serial auditory brainstem responses in premature infants. Pediatrics 2001; 107:(4)664–70.Data from this study was contained in an included review
Amin SB. Clinical assessment of bilirubin-induced neurotoxicity in premature infants. Seminars in Perinatology 2004; 28:(5)340–7.Overview
Arias IM, Gartner LM, Seifter S et al. Prolonged neonatal unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia associated with breast feeding and a steroid, Pregnane-3(Alpha), 20(beta)-diol, in maternal milk that inhibits glucuronide formation in vitro. Journal of Clinical Investigation 1964; 43:2037–47.Test for different factors in human breast milk
Azubuike JC. Neonatal jaundice in Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 1985; 31:(2)82–4.Duplicate of Azubuike 1979
Bahl L, Sharma R, and Sharma J. Etiology of neonatal jaundice at Shimla. Indian Pediatrics 1994; 31:(10)1275–8.Uncertainty over criteria for jaundice or hyperbilirubinaemia
Ballowitz L. Bilirubin encephalopathy: changing concepts. Brain and Development 1980; 2:(3)219–27.Overview
Basu K, Das PK, Bhattacharya R et al. A new look on neonatal jaundice. Journal of the Indian Medical Association 2003; 100:(9)556–60.Single test only
Beachy JM. Lab values. Investigating jaundice in the newborn. Neonatal Network: The Journal of Neonatal Nursing 2007; 26:(5)327-??Overview
Behjati-Ardakani S, Nikkhah A, and Sedaghat M. The association between G6PD deficiency and total serum bilirubin level in icteric neonates. Acta Medica Iranica 2007; 45:(3)233–5.Only tested for G6PD deficiency
Behjati-Ardakani S, Nikkhah A, Ashrafi MR et al. Association between total serum bilirubin level and manifestations of kernicterus. Acta Medica Iranica 2006; 44:(6)405–8.Data on ABO/Rh incompatibility was not reported
Bender GJ, Cashore WJ, and Oh W. Ontogeny of bilirubin-binding capacity and the effect of clinical status in premature infants born at less than 1300 grams. Pediatrics 2007; 120:(5)1067–73.Test not relevant to this guideline
Bernstein J, Braylan R, and Brough AJ. Bile-plug syndrome: a correctable cause of obstructive jaundice in infants. Pediatrics 1969; 43:(2)273–6.Test not relevant to this guideline
Bertini G, Dani C, Pezzati M et al. Prevention of bilirubin encephalopathy. Biology of the Neonate 2001; 79:(3–4)219–4.Overview
Bhutia RD, Upadhyay B, and Maneesh M. Association of plasma level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances with extent of hepatocellular injury in preterm infants with cholestatic jaundice. Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 2006; 21:(2)39–41.Test was for Cholestasis
Bilgen H, Ozek E, Unver T et al. Urinary tract infection and hyperbilirubinemia. Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2006; 48:(1)51–5.Jaundice as a predictor for Urinary Tract Infections
Bilgen H. Urinary tract infection and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2007; 49:(1)114.Correspondence
Bonillo-Perales A, Munoz-Hoyos A, Martinez-Morales A et al. Changes in erythrocytic deformability and plasma viscosity in neonatal ictericia. American Journal of Perinatology 1999; 16:(8)421–7.Comparison of babies with jaundice and without jaundice
Borgard JP, Szymanowicz A, Pellae I et al. Determination of total bilirubin in whole blood from neonates: results from a French multicenter study. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 2006; 44:(9)1103–10.Comparison of different methods of bilirubin analysis
Botha MC, Rees J, Pritchard J et al. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and neonatal jaundice among population groups of Cape Town. South African Medical Journal 1967; 41:(8)174–80.Single test only
Bracci R, Buonocore G, Garosi G et al. Epidemiologic study of neonatal jaundice. A survey of contributing factors. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, Supplement 1989; 78:(360)87–92.Not all babies were jaundiced
Bratlid D and Winsnes A. Comparison between different methods for determination of bile pigments in icteric serum samples. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation 1973; 31:(2)231–6.Comparison of different methods of measuring bile acids
Bratlid D. Bilirubin toxicity: Pathophysiology and assessment of risk factors. New York State Journal of Medicine 1991; 91:(11)489–92.Overview
Bratlid D. Reserve albumin binding capacity, salicylate saturation index, and red cell binding of bilirubin in neonatal jaundice. Archives of Disease in Childhood 1973; 48:(5)393–7.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Brito MA, Silva R, Tiribelli C et al. Assessment of bilirubin toxicity to erythrocytes. Implication in neonatal jaundice management. European Journal of Clinical Investigation 2000; 30:(3)239–47.Laboratory analysis of bilirubin toxicity on serum samples
Brito MA, Silva RFM, and Brites D. Bilirubin toxicity to human erythrocytes: A review. Clinica Chimica Acta 2006; 374:(1–2)46–2.Overview
Brown AK. Hyperbilirubinemia in black infants. Role of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Clinical Pediatrics 1992; 31:(12)712–5.Overview
Brown WR and Boon WH. Hyperbilirubinemia and kernicterus in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient infants in Singapore. Pediatrics 1968; 41:(6)1055–62.Study examine incidence of jaundice in G6PD
Buonocore G, Berti D, Cito G et al. Moderately increased hemolysis in newborn infants with hyperbilirubinemia of unknown etiology. Biology of the Neonate 1983; 44:(4)251–6.Results of G6PD tests not reported
Casado A, Casado C, Lopez-Fernandez E et al. Enzyme deficiencies in neonates with jaundice. Panminerva Medica 1995; 37:(4)175–7.Babies were not tested for blood group incompatibility
Cashore WJ and Oh W. Unbound bilirubin and kernicterus in low-birth-weight infants. Pediatrics 1982; 69:(4)481–5.Autopsy study on link between unbound bilirubin and kernicterus in low-birthweight babies
Cashore WJ, Oh W, Blumberg WE et al. Rapid fluorometric assay of bilirubin and bilirubin binding capacity in blood of jaundiced neonates: comparisons with other methods. Pediatrics 1980; 66:(3)411–6.Laboratory evaluation of a new method for measuring bilirubin binding capacity
Chen SH, Chen LY, and Chen JS. Carboxyhemoglobin and serum hepatic enzymes in newborns with hyperbilirubinemia. Taiwan i Hsueh Hui Tsa Chih - Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 1986; 85:(2)101–8.Babies with G6PD deficiency or blood group incompatibility were excluded
Chen SH. Endogenous formation of carbon monoxide in Chinese newborn with hyperbilirubinemia. Taiwan i Hsueh Hui Tsa Chih - Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 1981; 80:(1)68–77.No test for G6PD deficiency
Chen WX, Wong VCN, and Wong KY. Neurodevelopmental outcome of severe neonatal hemolytic hyperbilirubinemia. Journal of Child Neurology 2006; 21:(6)474–9.Babies with sepsis were excluded
Cisowska A, Tichaczek-Goska D, Szozda A et al. The bactericidal activity of complement in sera of children with infectious hyperbilirubinemia. Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine 2007; 16:(5)629–34.Evaluation of bactericidal activity in blood – not relevant to this guideline
Coban AC, Can G, Kadioglu A et al. Adrenal hemorrhage: A rare cause of severe neonatal jaundice. Pediatric Surgery International 1994; 9:(1–2)123-??Case study
Corchia C, Sanna MC, Serra C et al. 'Idiopathic' jaundice in Sardinian full-term newborn infants: a multivariate study. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 1993; 7:(1)55–66.Babies with ABO/Rh incompatibility were excluded
Dani C, Martelli E, Bertini G et al. Plasma bilirubin level and oxidative stress in preterm infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2003; 88:(2)F119-F123.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Deshmukh VV and Sharma KD. Deficiency of erythrocyte G-6-PD as a cause of neonatal jaundice in India. Indian Pediatrics 1968; 5:(9)401–5.Three case studies
Doxiadis SA, Karaklis A, Valaes T et al. Risk of severe jaundice in Glucose-6-Phosphate-Dehydrogenase deficiency of the newborn. Differences in population groups. Lancet 1964; 2:(7371)1210–2.Not all babies tested for ABO incompatibility
Ebbesen F, Andersson C, Verder H et al. Extreme hyperbilirubinaemia in term and near-term infants in Denmark. Acta Paediatrica 2005; 94:(1)59–64.Babies not tested for G6PD
Ebbesen F. Recurrence of kernicterus in term and near-term infants in Denmark. Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics 2000; 89:(10)1213–7.Cases were not tested for G6PD deficiency
Emamghorashi F, Zendegani N, Rabiee S et al. Evaluation of urinary tract infection in newborns with jaundice in south of Iran. Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences 2008; 33:(1)17–21.Jaundice as a predictor of UTI
Esbjorner E, Larsson P, Leissner P et al. The serum reserve albumin concentration for monoacetyldiaminodiphenyl sulphone and auditory evoked responses during neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 1991; 80:(4)406–12.Test not relevant to this guideline
Esbjorner E. Albumin binding properties in relation to bilirubin and albumin concentrations during the first week of life. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 1991; 80:(4)400–5.Incomplete data
Eshaghpour E, Oski FA, and Williams M. The relationship of erythrocyte glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency to byperbilirubinemia in Negro premature infants. Journal of Pediatrics 1967; 70:(4)595–601.Study on the impact of G6PD on exchange transfusion levels
Eslami Z and Sheikhha MH. Investigation of urinary tract infection in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia. Journal of Medical Sciences 2007; 7:(5)909–12.Jaundice as a predictor for Urinary Tract Infections
Etzioni A, Shoshani G, Diamond E et al. Unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia in hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, an enigma. Zeitschrift fur Kinderchirurgie 1986; 41:(5)272–4.Not all subjects had jaundice
Fakhraee SH, Haji-Ebrahim-Tehrani F, Amid MH et al. Results of urine and blood cultures in healthy jaundiced newborns: Making the correct choice. Archives of Iranian Medicine 2002; 5:(2)88–90.Tests for incidence of infections in babies with jaundice
Falcao AS, Fernandes A, Brito MA et al. Bilirubin-induced inflammatory response, glutamate release, and cell death in rat cortical astrocytes are enhanced in younger cells. Neurobiology of Disease 2005; 20:(2)199–206.Animal test
Feld LG, Langford DJ, and Schwartz GJ. The effect of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia on the measurement of plasma creatinine. Clinical Pediatrics 1984; 23:(3)154–6.Study on effect of jaundice on plasma creatinine
Feng CS, Wan CP, Lau J et al. Incidence of ABO haemolytic disease of the newborn in a group of Hong Kong babies with severe neonatal jaundice. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 1990; 26:(3)155–7.Babies were only tested for ABO incompatibility
Finni K, Simila S, Koivisto M et al. Cholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid, alpha-1-fetoprotein and alpha-1-antitrypsin serum concentrations in breast-fed infants with prolonged jaundice. European Journal of Pediatrics 1982; 138:(1)53–5.Study for a single syndrome in prolonged jaundice
Finni K, Simila S, Koivisto M et al. Serum cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid concentrations in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Biology of the Neonate 1981; 40:(5–6)264–8.Study for a single syndrome in prolonged jaundice
Fok TF, Lau SP, and Hui CW. Neonatal jaundice: its prevalence in Chinese babies and associating factors. Australian Paediatric Journal 1986; 22:(3)215–9.Babies born by caesarean section were excluded
Francauai J, Myara A, Benattar C et al. Investigation of total and conjugated bilirubin determination during the neonatal period. European Journal of Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Biochemistry 1993; 31:(8)499–502.Not all subjects had jaundice
Fretzayas A, Kitsiou S, Tsezou A et al. UGT1A1 promoter polymorphism as a predisposing factor of hyperbilirubinaemia in neonates with acute pyelonephritis. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 2006; 38:(6–7)537.Case studies
Funato M, Tamai H, Shimada S et al. Vigintiphobia, unbound bilirubin, and auditory brainstem responses. Pediatrics 1994; 93:(1)50–3.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Furuhjelm U, Nevanlinna HR, and Osterlund K. Early neonatal jaundice and hyperbilirubinaemia and their relation to ABO incompatibility. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 1967; 56:(5)477–84.Babies with Rh incompatibility were excluded
Garbagnati E and Manitto P. A new class of bilirubin photoderivatives obtained in vitro and their possible formation in jaundiced infants. Journal of Pediatrics 1973; 83:(1)109–15.Study of laboratory processes
Garcia FJ and Nager AL. Jaundice as an early diagnostic sign of urinary tract infection in infancy. Pediatrics 2002; 109:(5)846–51.Jaundice as a predictor of UTI
Ghaemi S, Fesharaki RJ, and Kelishadi R. Late onset jaundice and urinary tract infection in neonates. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2007; 74:(2)139–41.Rates of urinary tract infections in late-onset jaundice
Gibbs WN, Gray R, and Lowry M. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and neonatal jaundice in Jamaica. British Journal of Haematology 1979; 43:(2)263–74.Babies with biliary obstruction were excluded
Gloria-Bottini F, Orzalesi M, Coccia M et al. Neonatal jaundice in ABO incompatible infants. Computer-assisted evaluation of risk of hyperbilirubinaemia and analysis of differences between sexes. Computers and Biomedical Research 1981; 14:(1)31–40.Not tested for G6PD deficiency
Go JMR, Cocjin A, and Dee-Chan R. Jaundice as an early diagnostic sign of urinary tract infection in infants less than 8 weeks of age. Santo Tomas Journal of Medicine 2005; 52:(4)131–9.Jaundice as a predictor of UTI
Goldberg PK, Kozinn PJ, Kodsi B et al. Endotoxemia and hyperbilirubinemia in the neonate. American Journal of Diseases of Children 1982; 136:(9)845–8.Test not relevant to this guideline
Gotlieb A, Nir I, and Pesach J. Urinary excretion of free and conjugated glucuronic acid in jaundiced newborn. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 1971; 60:(4)437–40.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Haimi-Cohen Y, Merlob P, Davidovitz M et al. Renal function in full-term neonates with hyperbilirubinemia. Journal of Perinatology 1997; 17:(3)225–7.Effect of hyperbilirubinaemia on renal function
Hanka E. Unbound bilirubin and risk assessment in the jaundiced newborn: possibilities and limitations. Pediatrics 2006; 117:(2)526–7.Commentary
Hanko E. Unbound bilirubin and risk assessment in the jaundiced newborn: possibilities and limitations. Pediatrics 2006; 117:(2)526–7.Commentary
Hargrove MD, Jr. and Van Sanders C. Extreme elevation in total serum bilirubin: a study of the causes in 32 consecutive cases. Southern Medical Journal 1971; 64:(2)213–7.Subjects were adults with jaundice
Hawkins B. Immuno-serological studies of neonatal jaundice. Journal of the Singapore Paediatric Society 1972; 14:(2)101–6.Babies were not tested for G6PD
Henriksen NT, Drablos PA, and Aagenaes O. Cholestatic jaundice in infancy. The importance of familial and genetic factors in aetiology and prognosis. Archives of Disease in Childhood 1981; 56:(8)622–7.Examination of cholestatic jaundice
Herschel M, Karrison T, Wen M et al. Isoimmunization is unlikely to be the cause of hemolysis in ABO-incompatible but direct antiglobulin test-negative neonates. Pediatrics 2002; 110:(1 I)127–30.Not all babies were not jaundiced
Hitch DC, Leonard JC, Pysher TJ et al. Differentiation of cholestatic jaundice in infants. Utility of diethyl-IDA. American Journal of Surgery 1981; 142:(6)671–7.Diagnosis of biliary atresia
Hon AT, Balakrishnan S, and Ahmad Z. Hyperbilirubinaemia and erythrocytic glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Malaysian children. Medical Journal of Malaysia 1989; 44:(1)30–4.Only babies with G6PD deficiency tested
Howorth PJ. Determination of serum albumin in neonatal jaundice. The albumin saturation index. Clinica Chimica Acta 1971; 32:(2)271–8.Comparison of two methods to measure serum albumin
Huang A, Tai BC, Wong LY et al. Differential risk for early breastfeeding jaundice in a multi-ethnic asian cohort. Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore 2009; 38:(3)217–24.Babies less than 2500 g were excluded
Husain S and Pohowalla JN. Serum iron levels in jaundice in infancy and childhood. Journal of the Indian Medical Association 1969; 53:(5)237–40.Test not relevant to this guideline
Hwang KC, Hsieh KH, and Chen JH. Immunological studies of newborn infants with hyperbilirubinemia. Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology 1981; 14:(2)1–7.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Jalloh S, Van RH, Yusoff NM et al. Poor correlation between hemolysis and jaundice in glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient babies. Pediatrics International 2005; 47:(3)258–61.Incomplete data – number with blood group incompatibility were not reported
Jangaard KA, Fell DB, Dodds L et al. Outcomes in a population of healthy term and near-term infants with serum bilirubin levels of >or=325 micromol/L (>or=19 mg/dL) who were born in Nova Scotia, Canada, between 1994 and 2000. Pediatrics 2008; 122:(1)119–24.Adverse effects of severe hyperbilirubinaemia
Javitt NB. Hyperbilirubinemic and cholestatic syndromes. New concepts aiding recognition and management. Postgraduate Medicine 1979; 65:(1)120–4.Overview
Kaapa P. Immunoreactive thromboxane B2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Medicine 1985; 17:(1)97–105.Only babies with idiopathic jaundice were included
Kaini NR, Chaudhary D, Adhikary V et al. Overview of cases and prevalence of jaundice in neonatal intensive care unit. Nepal Medical College Journal: NMCJ 2006; 8:(2)133–5.Not test for G6PD deficiency
Kaplan M and Hammerman C. Understanding severe hyperbilirubinemia and preventing kernicterus: adjuncts in the interpretation of neonatal serum bilirubin. Clinica Chimica Acta 2005; 356:(1–2)9–21.Overview
Kaplan M, Algur N, and Hammerman C. Onset of jaundice in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient neonates. Pediatrics 2001; 108:(4)956–9.Babies with blood group incompatibility were excluded
Kaplan M, Beutler E, Vreman HJ et al. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient heterozygotes. Pediatrics 1999; 104:(1 Pt 1)68–74.Babies with a positive Coombs' text were excluded
Kaplan M, Rubaltelli FF, Hammerman C et al. Conjugated bilirubin in neonates with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Journal of Pediatrics 1996; 128:(5 I)695–7.Only babies with G6PD deficiency tested
Kavukcu S, Turkmen M, Polat M et al. Urinary enzyme changes in newborns with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Acta Paediatrica Japonica 1997; 39:(Overseas Edition)-204.Effect of hyperbilirubinaemia on renal function
Kedar PS, Warang P, Colah RB et al. Red cell pyruvate kinase deficiency in neonatal jaundice cases in India. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2006; 73:(11)985–8.Test not relevant to this guideline
Keenan WJ, Arnold JE, and Sutherland JM. Serum bilirubin binding determined by sephadex column chromatography. Journal of Pediatrics 1969; 74:(5)813.Conference abstract
Kilic M, Turgut M, Taskin E et al. Nitric oxide levels and antioxidant enzyme activities in jaundices of premature infants. Cell Biochemistry and Function 2004; 22:(5)339–42.Babies with ABO or Rh incompatibility were excluded
Kirk JM. Neonatal jaundice: a critical review of the role and practice of bilirubin analysis. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 2008; 45:(Pt 5)452–62.Overview
Knudsen A. The influence of the reserve albumin concentration and pH on the cephalocaudal progression of jaundice in newborns. Early Human Development 1991; 25:(1)37–41.Babies were not pre-selected for jaundice
Kulkarni SV, Merchant RH, Gupte SC et al. Clinical significance of serum and cerebro spinal fluid bilirubin indices in neonatal jaundice. Indian Pediatrics 1989; 26:(12)1202–8.Test (cerebro-spinal fluid bilirubin) not relevant to this guideline
Kumar A, Pant P, Basu S et al. Oxidative stress in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 2007; 53:(1)69–71.Test not relevant to this guideline
Kumral A, Genc S, Genc K et al. Hyperbilirubinemic serum is cytotoxic and induces apoptosis in murine astrocytes. Biology of the Neonate 2005; 87:(2)99–104.Study examining the effect of hyperbilirubinaemic serum on murine astrocytees
Lai HC, Lai MP, and Leung KS. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Chinese. Journal of Clinical Pathology 1968; 21:(1)44–7.Only tested for G6PD
Lee HC, Fang SB, Yeung CY et al. Urinary tract infections in infants: comparison between those with conjugated vs unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics 2005; 25:(4)277–82.Comparison of urinary tract infection rates in conjugated and unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia
Lee KS and Gartner LM. Management of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn. Seminars in Liver Disease 1983; 3:(1)52–64.Overview
Lee WS, McKiernan PJ, Beath SV et al. Bile bilirubin pigment analysis in disorders of bilirubin metabolism in early infancy. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2001; 85:(1)38–42.Study for a single syndrome in prolonged jaundice
Leung AK. Screening of jaundiced neonates for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Southern Medical Journal 1987; 80:(2)217–8.Babies were not tested for blood group incompatibility
Lie-Injo LE, Virik HK, Lim PW et al. Red cell metabolism and severe neonatal jaundice in West Malaysia. Acta Haematologica 1977; 58:(3)152–60.Babies with isoimmunisation were excluded
Lin M, Shieh SH, Hwang FY et al. The Le(a) antigen and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in Taiwan. Vox Sanguinis 1995; 69:(2)131–4.Babies with blood group incompatibility or G6PD were excluded
Linder N, Yatsiv I, Tsur M et al. Unexplained neonatal jaundice as an early diagnostic sign of septicemia in the newborn. Journal of Perinatology 1988; 8:(4)325–7.Test not relevant to guideline
MacKinlay GA. Jaundice persisting beyond 14 days after birth. British Medical Journal 1993; 306:(6890)1426–7.Overview
Madan N and Sood SK. Role of G6PD, ABO incompatibility, low birth weight and infection in neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. Tropical and Geographical Medicine 1987; 39:(2)163–8.Babies with Rh incompatibility were excluded
Madan N, Sundaram KR, Bhargava SK et al. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. Indian Journal of Medical Research 1989; 90:306–13.Babies were not tested for blood group incompatibility
Maisels MJ and Kring E. Risk of sepsis in newborns with severe hyperbilirubinemia. Pediatrics 1992; 90:(5)741–3.Babies were not tested for G6PD deficiency
Maisels MJ, Newman TB, Garcia FJ et al. Neonatal Jaundice and Urinary Tract Infections. Pediatrics 2003; 112:(5)1213–4.Correspondence
Martin TC, Shea M, Alexander D et al. Did exclusive breast-feeding and early discharge lead to excessive bilirubin levels in newborns in Antigua and Barbuda? West Indian Medical Journal 2002; 51:(2)84–8.Babies were not tested for G6PD
Maruo Y, Nishizawa K, Sato H et al. Association of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia with bilirubin UDP- glucuronosyltransferase polymorphism. Pediatrics 1999; 103:(6 I)1224–7.Genetic test not relevant to this guideline
Maruo Y, Nishizawa K, Sato H et al. Prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia associated with breast milk and mutations of the bilirubin uridine diphosphate- glucuronosyltransferase gene. Pediatrics 2000; 106:(5)E59.A single genetic test
Marwaha N, Sarode R, Marwaha RK et al. Bilirubin crystals in peripheral blood smears from neonates with unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. Medical Laboratory Sciences 1990; 47:(4)278–81.Test already routinely done
McClean P. Recognizing liver disease in jaundiced infants. British Journal of Midwifery 2008; 16:(2)106–9.Overview
McCulloch JC. Red cell potassium levels in neonatal jaundice --a preliminary study. Medical Laboratory Sciences 1977; 34:(2)115–22.Not tested for blood group incompatibility
McDonagh AF. Ex uno plures: The concealed complexity of bilirubin species in neonatal blood samples. Pediatrics 2006; 118:(3)1185–7.Review
McKiernan PJ. Neonatal cholestasis. Seminars in Neonatology 2002; 7:(2)153–65.Overview
McKiernan PJ. The infant with prolonged jaundice: Investigation and management. Current Paediatrics 2001; 11:(2)83–9.Overview
Meisel P, Jahrig D, Beyersdorff E et al. Bilirubin binding and acid-base equilibrium in newborn infants with low birthweight. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 1988; 77:(4)496–501.Effect of acid-base on bilirubin-albumin binding
Meyers RL, Book LS, O'Gorman MA et al. Percutaneous Cholecysto-Cholangiography in the Diagnosis of Obstructive Jaundice in Infants. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 2004; 39:(1)16–8.Tests not relevant to this quideline
Monaghan G, McLellan A, McGeehan A et al. Gilbert's syndrome is a contributory factor in prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia of the newborn. Journal of Pediatrics 1999; 134:(4)441–6.Test for a single syndrome in prolonged jaundice
Moyer V, Freese DK, Whitington PF et al. Guideline for the evaluation of cholestatic jaundice in infants: recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2004; 39:(2)115–28.Guideline for Cholestatic jaundice
Muslu N, Dogruer ZN, Eskandari G et al. Are glutathione S-transferase gene polymorphisms linked to neonatal jaundice? European Journal of Pediatrics 2008; 167:(1)57–61.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Muslu N, Turhan AB, Eskandari G et al. The frequency of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1 A1 promoter region (TA)7 polymorphism in newborns and it's relation with jaundice. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 2007; 53:(1)64–8.Correspondence
Nair RR, Murty JS, Rao MN et al. ABO incompatibility and neonatal jaundice. Indian Journal of Medical Research 1980; 71:567–75.Babies were not tested for G6PD
Nakamura H, Lee Y, and Takemoto H. Effects of photo-irradiation on bilirubin binding affinity of icteric sera. Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences 1981; 27:(2)59–69.Effects of phototherapy on total and unbound bilirubin
Nakamura H, Takada S, Shimabuku R et al. Auditory nerve and brainstem responses in newborn infants with hyperbilirubinemia. Pediatrics 1985; 75:(4)703–8.Study of auditory brainstem responses
Nakamura H, Yonetani M, Uetani Y et al. Determination of serum unbound bilirubin for prediction of kernicterus in low birthweight infants. Acta Paediatrica Japonica 1992; 34:(6)642–7.Predictive accuracy of two bilirubin levels for predicting kernicterus
Nelson BT. Jaundice survey: Grenada, West Indies. International Pediatrics 1998; 13:(3)150–4.Only 1 in 4 babies were tested for G6PD
Newman TB and Easterling MJ. Yield of reticulocyte counts and blood smears in term infants. Clinical Pediatrics 1994; 33:(2)71–6.No tests for G6PD
Newman TB and Maisels MJ. Evaluation and treatment of jaundice in the term newborn: a kinder, gentler approach. Pediatrics 1992; 89:(5 Pt 1)809–18.Overview
Newman TB, Liljestrand P, and Escobar GJ. Infants with bilirubin levels of 30 mg/dL or more in a large managed care organization. Pediatrics 2003; 111:(6 I)1303–11.G6PD test not carried out on all babies
Newman TB, Liljestrand P, Jeremy RJ et al. Outcomes among newborns with total serum bilirubin levels of 25 mg per deciliter or more. New England Journal of Medicine 2006; 354:(18)1889–900.Not all babies tested
Nong SH, Xie YM, Chan KW et al. Severe hyperbilirubinaemia in a Chinese girl with type I Crigler-Najjar syndrome: First case ever reported in Mainland China. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 2005; 41:(5–6)300–6.Case study
Nowicki MJ and Poley JR. The hereditary hyperbilirubinaemias. Bailliere's Clinical Gastroenterology 1998; 12:(2)355–67.Overview
Odell GB, Cohen SN, and Kelly PC. Studies in kernicterus. II. The determination of the saturation of serum albumin with bilirubin. Journal of Pediatrics 1969; 74:(2)214–30.Test not relevant to this guideline
Odell GB, Storey GN, and Rosenberg LA. Studies in kernicterus. 3. The saturation of serum proteins with bilirubin during neonatal life and its relationship to brain damage at five years. Journal of Pediatrics 1970; 76:(1)12–21.Test not relevant to this guideline
Odell GB. Neonatal jaundice. Progress in Liver Diseases 1976; 5:457–75.Overview – background information only
Ogita S, Shimamoto T, Ohnishi M et al. Hemolytic pattern of erythrocytes in the newborn measured by the coil planet centrifuge system and its relationship to neonatal jaundice. European Journal of Pediatrics 1978; 127:(2)67–73.Laboratory tests
Oktay R, Satar M, and Atici A. The risk of bilirubin encephalopathy in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 1996; 38:(2)199–204.Link between free bilirubin and bilirubin encephalopathy
Okumus N, Turkyilmaz C, Onal EE et al. Tau and S100B proteins as biochemical markers of bilirubin-induced neurotoxicity in term neonates. Pediatric Neurology 2008; 39:(4)245–52.Babies with sepsis were excluded
Olah VA, Csathy L, and Karmazsin L. Erythrocyte damage in newborn babies caused by hyperbilirubinaemia and hypoxia. Acta Paediatrica Hungarica 1991; 31:(3)357–64.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Ostrea EM, Jr., Bassel M, Fleury CA et al. Influence of free fatty acids and glucose infusion on serum bilirubin and bilirubin binding to albumin: clinical implications. Journal of Pediatrics 1983; 102:(3)426–32.Study of the saturation index – test not relevant to this guideline
Ostrea EM, Jr., Ongtengco EA, Tolia VA et al. The occurrence and significance of the bilirubin species, including delta bilirubin, in jaundiced infants. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 1988; 7:(4)511–6.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Ostrow JD. Photochemical and biochemical basis of the treatment of neonatal jaundice. Progress in Liver Diseases 1972; 4:447–62.Overview
Ou CN, Buffone GJ, Herr-Calomeni PJ et al. Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia is overestimated in neonates with cholestasis. A more reliable method is proposed. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 1985; 84:(6)752–6.Not all subjects were newborn
Owa JA and Dawodu AH. Neonatal jaundice among Nigerian preterm infants. East African Medical Journal 1988; 65:(8)552–6.Only preterm babies were included
Owa JA and Dawodu AH. Neonatal jaundice among Nigerian preterm infants. West African Journal of Medicine 1990; 9:(4)252–7.Only preterm babies were included
Owa JA, Durosinmi MA, and Alabi AO. Determinants of severity of neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia in ABO incompatibility in Nigeria. Tropical Doctor 1991; 21:(1)19–22.Study only included babies with ABO incompatibility
Palmer DC and Drew JH. Jaundice: a 10 year review of 41,000 live born infants. Australian Paediatric Journal 1983; 19:(2)86–9.Study was superseded by a 15 year analysis of this data
Pashapour N, Nikibahksh AA, and Golmohammadlou S. Urinary tract infection in term neonates with prolonged jaundice. Urology Journal 2007; 4:(2)91–4.Babies were only tested for urinary tract infections
Pays M and Beljean M. Microdetermination of unbound bilirubin. Application to the prevention of kernicterus by estimation of the serum bilirubin binding capacity in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Zeitschrift fur Klinische Chemie und Klinische Biochemie 1974; 12:(5)250–1.Conference abstract
Penberthy L, St JA, and Blake G. Bilirubin analyses in neonatal jaundice. Medical Journal of Australia 1978; 1:(12)659.Correspondence
Polacek K. Risk of kernicterus in newborn infants with a high level of conjugated bilirubin. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 1966; 55:(4)401–4.Only babies with conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia were included
Priolisi A and Ziino L. Comparative analysis between the reserve albumin-binding capacity (HBABA method) and the saturation index of hyperbilirubinemic sera. Biology of the Neonate 1971; 19:(4)258–71.Tests not relevant to guideline
Priolisi A. Clinical experience with Sephadex gel filtration for the estimation of non-albumin bound bilirubin in sera of jaundiced infants. Birth Defects: Original Article Series 1976; 12:(2)245–54.No test for G6PD
Rastogi D and Rastogi S. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in healthy breast-fed newborn: Assessment at discharge. Emergency and Office Pediatrics 1999; 12:(3)100–2.Case study
Ratnavel N and Ives NK. Investigation of prolonged neonatal jaundice. Current Paediatrics 2005; 15:(2)85–91.Overview
Rehman H, Khan MA, Hameed A et al. Erythrocyte glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and neonatal jaundice. JPMA - Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 1995; 45:(10)259–60.Incomplete data – numbers with blood group incompatibility not given
Reiser DJ. Neonatal jaundice: physiologic variation or pathologic process. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America 2004; 16:(2)257–69.Overview
Ritter DA, Kenny JD, Norton HJ et al. A prospective study of free bilirubin and other risk factors in the development of kernicterus in premature infants. Pediatrics 1982; 69:(3)260–6.Not all babies who died had an autopsy
Rolinski B, Kuster H, Ugele B et al. Total bilirubin measurement by photometry on a blood gas analyzer: potential for use in neonatal testing at the point of care. Clinical Chemistry 2001; 47:(10)1845–7.Comparison of methods to measure serum bilirubin
Roux P, Karabus CD, and Hartley PS. The effect of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency on the severity of neonatal jaundice in Cape Town. South African Medical Journal 1982; 61:(21)781–2.Babies with blood group incompatibility were excluded
Sansone G, Perroni L, and Yoshida A. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase variants from Italian subjects associated with severe neonatal jaundice. British Journal of Haematology 1975; 31:(2)159–65.Three cases studies
Sarici SU, Serdar MA, Erdem G et al. Evaluation of plasma ionized magnesium levels in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Pediatric Research 2004; 55:(2)243–7.Babies with ABO/Rh incompatibility or G6PD deficiency were excluded
Sarma DK, Shukla R, Lodha A et al. Neonatal screening for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency: Experience in a private hospital. Emirates Medical Journal 2006; 24:(3)211–4.Babies only tested for G6PD deficiency
Sasanakul W, Hathirat P, Jeraporn K et al. Neonatal jaundice and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 1989; 72 Suppl 1:130–2.Babies were not tested for blood group incompatibility
Satar M, Atici A, and Oktay R. The influence of clinical status on total bilirubin binding capacity in newborn infants. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 1996; 42:(1)43–5.Test not relevant to this guidelinebilirubin binding capacity
Scheidt PC, Graubard BI, Nelson KB et al. Intelligence at six years in relation to neonatal bilirubin levels: follow-up of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Clinical Trial of Phototherapy. Pediatrics 1991; 87:(6)797–805.Long term outcomes from an included RCT
Schiff D, Chan G, and Stern L. Proceedings: Clinical implications of bilirubin-albumin binding in the newborn. Revue Canadienne de Biologie 1973; 32:(Suppl)-8.Comparison of two test to measure bilirubin-albumin binding
Settin A, Al-Haggar M, Al-Baz R et al. Screening for G6PD Mediterranean mutation among Egyptian neonates with high or prolonged jaundice. HAEMA 2006; 9:(1)81–8.Single test only
Shenoi UD and Nandi GK. Bilirubin crystals in neutrophils in neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 1997; 64:(1)93–6.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Siklar Z, Tezer H, Dallar Y et al. Borderline congenital hypothyroidism in the neonatal period. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2002; 15:(6)817–21.Test not relevant to guideline
Singh B, Ezhilarasan R, Kumar P et al. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and its association with thyroid hormone levels and urinary iodine excretion. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2003; 70:(4)311–5.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Slusher TM, Vreman HJ, McLaren DW et al. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and carboxyhemoglobin concentrations associated with bilirubin-related morbidity and death in Nigerian infants. Journal of Pediatrics 1995; 126:(1)102–8.Babies were not tested for ABO incompatibility
Spear ML, Stahl GE, Hamosh M et al. Effect of heparin dose and infusion rate on lipid clearance and bilirubin binding in premature infants receiving intravenous fat emulsions. Journal of Pediatrics 1988; 112:(1)94–8.Not all babies were jaundiced
Tateno M. Relationship between the serum transaminase activities and the serum bilirubin concentration in the icterus neonatorum. Acta Obstetrica et Gynaecologica Japonica 1970; 17:(4)239–44.Tests not relevant to this guideline
Tazawa Y and Konno T. Urinary monohydroxy bile acids in young infants with obstructive jaundice. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 1982; 71:(1)91–5.Not all subjects newborn
Tazawa Y, Abukawa D, Watabe M et al. Abnormal results of biochemical liver function tests in breast-fed infants with prolonged indirect hyperbilirubinaemia. European Journal of Pediatrics 1991; 150:(5)310–3.Study for a single syndrome in prolonged jaundice
Tazawa Y, Yamada M, Nakagawa M et al. Serum bile acids and their conjugates in breast-fed infants with prolonged jaundice. European Journal of Pediatrics 1985; 144:(1)37–40.Test for a single disease
Thaler MM. Jaundice in the newborn. Algorithmic diagnosis of conjugated and unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association 1977; 237:(1)58–62.Overview
Tiker F, Gurakan B, and Tarcan A. Relationship between serum bilirubin and coagulation test results in 1-month-old infants. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2005; 72:(3)205–7.Test not relevant to this guideline
Turgut M, Basaran O, Cekmen M et al. Oxidant and antioxidant levels in preterm newborns with idiopathic hyperbilirubinaemia. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 2004; 40:(11)633–7.Babies with ABO or Rh incompatibility were excluded
Uetani Y, Nakamura H, Okamoto O et al. Carboxyhemoglobin measurements in the diagnosis of ABO hemolytic disease. Acta Paediatrica Japonica 1989; 31:171–6.Test not relevant to this guideline
Ullrich D, Fevery J, Sieg A et al. The influence of gestational age on bilirubin conjugation in newborns. European Journal of Clinical Investigation 1991; 21:(1)83–9.Babies with hepatic diseases were excluded
Vaca G, Ibarra B, Hernandez A et al. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and abnormal hemoglobins in mexican newborns with jaundice. Revista de Investigacion Clinica 1981; 33:(3)259–61.Unclear if all babies were tested for blood group incompatibility
Vos GH, Adhikari M, and Coovadia HM. A study of ABO incompatibility and neonatal jaundice in Black South African newborn infants. Transfusion 1981; 21:(6)744–9.Babies were not tested for G6PD
Voutetakis A, Maniati-Christidi M, Kanaka-Gantenbein C et al. Prolonged jaundice and hypothyroidism as the presenting symptoms in a neonate with a novel Prop1 gene mutation (Q83X). European Journal of Endocrinology 2004; 150:(3)257–64.Case study
Weiss JS, Gautam A, Lauff JJ et al. The clinical importance of a protein-bound fraction of serum bilirubin in patients with hyperbilirubinemia. New England Journal of Medicine 1983; 309:(3)147–50.Not all subjects had jaundice
Wennberg R. Unbound bilirubin: a better predictor of kernicterus? Clinical Chemistry 2008; 54:(1)207–8.Opinion piece
Wolf MJ, Beunen G, Casaer P et al. Extreme hyperbilirubinaemia in Zimbabwean neonates: neurodevelopmental outcome at 4 months. European Journal of Pediatrics 1997; 156:(10)803–7.Babies were not tested for G6PD
Wolf MJ, Beunen G, Casaer P et al. Neurological status in severely jaundiced Zimbabwean neonates. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 1998; 44:(3)161–4.Babies were not tested for G6PD
Wolf MJ, Wolf B, Beunen G et al. Neurodevelopmental outcome at 1 year in Zimbabwean neonates with extreme hyperbilirubinaemia. European Journal of Pediatrics 1999; 158:(2)111–4.Babies were not tested for G6PD
Wolff JA, Grossman BH, and Paya K. Neonatal serum bilirubin and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Relationship of various perinatal factors to hyperbilirubinemia. American Journal of Diseases of Children 1967; 113:(2)251–4.Babies were not tested for blood group incompatibility
Woodfield DG and Biddulph J. Neonatal jaundice and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Papua New Guinea. Medical Journal of Australia 1975; 1:(14)443–6.Follow-up of an included study
Yamada M, Tazawa Y, Nakagawa M et al. Alterations of serum bile acid profile in breast-fed infants with prolonged jaundice. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 1985; 4:(5)741–5.Effect of prolonged jaundice on serum bile acid profile
Yamauchi Y and Yamanouchi I. Transcutaneous bilirubinometry: Bilirubin kinetics of the skin and serum during and after phototherapy. Biology of the Neonate 1989; 56:(5)263–9.No test for G6PD
Yen HJ, Chen SJ, Soong WJ et al. Analysis of test of hemolytic disease in newborn with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Clinical Neonatology 2005; 12:(1)1–5.Study compared babies with haemolytic disease of the newborn with controls
Yu MW, Hsiao KJ, Wuu KD et al. Association between glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and neonatal jaundice: interaction with multiple risk factors. International Journal of Epidemiology 1992; 21:(5)947–52.Not all babies tested for blood group incompatibility
Yurdakok M and Yilmazoglu G. Gamma-glutamyl transferase in neonatal non-hemolytic indirect hyperbilirubinemia. Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 1990; 32:(1)21–3.Test not relevant to this guideline

From: Appendix J, Excluded studies

Cover of Neonatal Jaundice
Neonatal Jaundice.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 98.
National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).
London: RCOG Press; 2010 May.
Copyright © 2010, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

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