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Our searches of the literature identified a total of 2,090 citations. Table 3 details the number of citations identified from each source.

Methods

The topic for the original 2007 report was nominated in a public process. With input from technical experts, the Scientific Resource Center (SRC) for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Effective Health Care Program drafted the initial Key Questions for that report and, after approval from AHRQ, posted them to a public Web site. The public was invited to comment on these questions. After reviewing the public commentary, the SRC drafted final Key Questions and submitted them to AHRQ for approval.

Executive Summary

Almost 75 million American adults—approximately one-third—have hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension increases with advancing age such that more than half of people 55 to 74 years old and approximately three-fourths of those age 75 years and older are affected. In addition to being the primary attributable risk factor for death throughout the world, hypertension results in substantial morbidity because of its impact on numerous target organs, including the brain, eyes, heart, arteries, and kidneys.

Introduction

Almost 75 million American adults—approximately one-third—have hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension increases with advancing age such that more than half of people 55 to 74 years old and approximately three-fourths of those age 75 years and older are affected. In addition to being the primary attributable risk factor for death throughout the world, hypertension results in substantial morbidity because of its impact on numerous target organs, including the brain, eyes, heart, arteries, and kidneys.

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