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Table 5.18.2AHI (events/hr) in randomized controlled trials of oropharyngeal exercises

Study
PMID
Baseline AHI (SD) [eligibility]Baseline ESS (SD)Duration (design)InterventionsNo. AnalyzedBaseline (SD)Change (final)Net diff or Diff95% CIP BtwDropout, %Study Quality
Puhan 2005239
16377643
20 (5) [≥15]11.5 (nd)4 mo (PL)Didgeridoo1422.3 (5.0)−10.7−6.2−12.3, −0.10.050A
No treatment1119.9 (4.7)−4.5
Guimaraes 2009240
19234106
22 (5) [≥15]14 (7)3 mo (PL)Oropharyngeal exercise1622.4 (5.4)−8.7−12.2−19, −5 *<0.00110B
Sham therapy1522.4 (5.4)3.5
Randerath 2004241
15124719
28 (6) [10–40]9.4 (4.7)8 wk (PL)Tongue training3324.7 (8.6)0.60.4−5.6, 6.4 NS8A
Sham training2427.7 (6.3)0.2
*

Estimated from reported P value

Estimated from reported data

Estimated from reported P value

Estimated from reported data

From: Appendix D, Summary Tables

Cover of Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults
Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 32.
Balk EM, Moorthy D, Obadan NO, et al.

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