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Diet

StudyPopulationInterventionOutcomesResultsCommentsDesignEL
Jefferson et al, 2003181998 survey of 302 paediatricians identified as providing care for children with diabetes aged under 16 years; 244 returned questionnaire
UK
Questionnaire
  1. % of clinics where there was a dietitian
  2. Was this a paediatric dietitian?
  1. 86% of clinics regularly had dietitians attend
  2. 76% of dietitians were paediatric dietitians
Children and young people cared for n = 17 192SurveyIII
Virtanen et al, 200042638 children newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes
Aged < 6 years
Finland
5-day food records during 2-year follow-up (n = 38)
compared with control children (n = 66)
% make-up of total daily energy intake:
  1. Total energy intake compared with control children, mean (SD)
% of total energy intake compared with control children:
6.

Protein

7.

Carbohydrates

8.

Fat

9.

Sucrose

  1. At 3 months after diagnosis: 20% At 24 months after diagnosis:18%, p < 0.001
  2. At 3 months after diagnosis: 54% At 24 months after diagnosis: 52%, p < 0.01
  3. At 3 months after diagnosis: 26%
    At 24 months after diagnosis: 30%
  4. At 3 months after diagnosis: 3%
    At 24 months after diagnosis: 3%, no difference
  5. Boys: 1561 (202) vs. 1656 (297) kcal, p < 0.05
    Girls: 1389 (172) vs. 1532 (221) kcal, p < 0.01
  6. 19% vs. 15%, p < 0.01
  7. 53% vs. 50%, p < 0.05
  8. 28% vs. 35%, p < 0.001
  9. 3% vs. 16%, p < 0.001
SurveyIII
Randecker et al, 199642766 children with type 1 diabetes
Aged < 10 years
USA
Dietary intake data, 3 random days, 24 hours dietary recallsOverall mean intake of protein and cholesterol approximated the current recommendations
Saturated fat exceeded recommendations
Fibre was less than recommended level
10 to 40% of the sample had inadequate intakes of vitamin D, vitamin E and zinc
SurveyIII

From: Evidence tables

Cover of Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes: Diagnosis and Management of Type 1 Diabetes in Children and Young People.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 15.2.
National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).
London: RCOG Press; 2004 Sep.
Copyright © 2004, National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health.

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