Table 24Self-report questionnaires relevant to children and young people with depression

NameAge rangeIntended useTime neededReliabilityValiditySensitivity to change
BDIAdults but used in adolescentsAssessing severity – mainly clinical populations21 items –
5–10 minutes
Good in clinical adolescents; adequate in non-clinicalBorderline adequate in adolescents – problems in specificityProven in adults only
CDI7–12 yearsAssessing severity – mainly clinical populations27 items
10–20 minutes
Adequate in children onlyCut-off scores problematic; limited data >12 yearsAdequate but scores drop off with 2nd use (panel effects)
MFQ & SMFQ8–18 yearsAssessing severity – epidemiological and clinical populations33 items (full)
13 items (short)
Good in adolescents; fair in childrenGoodGood
RADS13–17 yearsAssessing severity – epidemiological and clinical populations30 items
10 minutes
Good in non-clinical populations; limited data in clinicalGood in non-clinical subjects – limited data in clinicalProven but moderate sensitivity
CES-D & CES-DCAdults and adolescentsAssessing severity – epidemiological and clinical populations20 items
5–10 minutes
Adequate in adults; not good in adolescentsNot good – problems with specificityNot proven

From: Appendix J, Self-rated and interviewer-based instruments used for screening for depression

Cover of Depression in Children and Young People
Depression in Children and Young People: Identification and Management in Primary, Community and Secondary Care.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 28.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2005.
Copyright © 2005, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

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