Table 3Study information for trials of CBT versus another psychological intervention

CBT vs. non-directive supportive therapy or clinical managementCBT vs. IPTCBT vs. relaxationCBT vs. family therapy
Total no. of trials (total no. of participants)3 RCTs (N =387)1 RCT (N = 38)1 RCT (N = 53)1 RCT (N = 72)
Study IDBRENT1997
TADS200411
VOSTANIS1996
ROSSELLO1999WOOD1996BRENT1997
DiagnosisMinor depression, dysthymia, or MDD (DSM-III-R or DSM-IV)Dysthmia or MDD (DSM-III-R)Minor depression (RDC) or MDD (DSM-III-R)MDD (DSM-III-R)
Baseline severity: mean (SD)BDI: Pooled across groups 24.3 (SD 8.1)*
CDRS-R 60.35 (SD 9.86)
CDI: Pooled across groups 20.12 (SD 6.95)BDI: Pooled across groups 24.3 (SD 8.1)
No. of sessions (duration)9 to 16 (50 to 60 minutes)12 (60 minutes)5 to 8 (duration not reported)12 to 16 (60 minutes)
Treatment length12 to 16 weeks12 weeks5 to 8 weeks12 to 16 weeks
Length of follow-up0 to 24 months8 months3 to 6 months
Age12–18 years13–17 years9–17 years13–18 years
*

Data not available for VOSTANIS1996.

From: 6, Psychological treatment of depression in children and young people

Cover of Depression in Children and Young People
Depression in Children and Young People: Identification and Management in Primary, Community and Secondary Care.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 28.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2005.
Copyright © 2005, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

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