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Table 7-2Interventions to Reduce Injury

Good Evidence*Reasonable Evidence*Some Evidence*
20 mph zones, leading to injury reduction and behaviour changeArea wide urban safety measures, leading to injury reductionInterventions targeted at specific injuries, such as cot suffocation, may lead to injury reduction.
Child restraint loan schemes, leading to behaviour changeChild restraint education campaigns, leading to behaviour changeTap water temperature reduction, leading to behaviour change
Child restraint legislation, leading to behaviour changeChild restraint legislation, leading to injury reductionParent education regarding burns and scalds, leading to behaviour change
Smoke detector programmes, leading to injury reduction and behaviour changeParent education on hazard reduction, leading to behaviour changeParent education regarding falls, leading to injury reduction
Some general community prevention initiatives targeting a range of injury types may lead to both injury reduction and behaviour change.
General mass media campaigns and training events have been shown to increase safety knowledge but have not been shown to reduce injuries.
*

The terms ‘good,’ ‘reasonable’ and ‘some’ refer to judgements made by Towner and colleagues (Towner, Dowswell, Mackereth, & Jarvis 2001) about the quality of research evidence they examined.

The terms ‘good,’ ‘reasonable’ and ‘some’ refer to judgements made by Towner and colleagues (Towner, Dowswell, Mackereth, & Jarvis 2001) about the quality of research evidence they examined.

From: 7, Maintaining Infant Health

Cover of Postnatal Care
Postnatal Care: Routine Postnatal Care of Women and Their Babies [Internet].
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 37.
National Collaborating Centre for Primary Care (UK).
Copyright © 2006, National Collaborating Centre for Primary Care.

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