Table 62Study information and summary evidence table for trials of 12-step residential treatment*

Residential 12-step versus residential relapse-prevention CBTResidential 12-step versus eclectic residential
Total no. of trials (total no. of participants)1 cohort study (N ~ 1,500)1 cohort study (N ~ 1,500)
Problem drug or diagnosisDrug dependence (13%)
Drug and alcohol dependence (51%)
Alcohol dependence (36%)
Drug dependence (13%)
Drug and alcohol dependence (51%)
Alcohol dependence (36%)
Treatment length3 to 4 weeks3 to 4 weeks
Length of follow-up12 months12 months
Age (years)4343
Point abstinence12-month follow-up:
RR 1.25 (1.13 to 1.39), K = 1, N = 3,018
12-month follow-up:
RR 1.13 (1.01 to 1.25), K = 1, N = 3,018
Drug use

RR > 1 favours 12-step.


Cover of Drug Misuse
Drug Misuse: Psychosocial Interventions.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 51.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2008.
Copyright © 2008, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

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