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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet]. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2003-.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet].

Surgical versus non‐surgical endodontic re‐treatment for periradicular lesions

This version published: 2008; Review content assessed as up-to-date: May 20, 2007.

Plain language summary

There is no apparent advantage of using a surgical or non‐surgical approach for the re‐treatment of periapical lesions in terms of long‐term outcome. Though cases treated surgically display a slightly superior healing rate after 1 year follow up, such difference disappears in the long term. Surgical treatment is associated with greater discomfort in the early post‐operative period. High quality, long‐term randomised studies with great statistical power and standardization of any possible factor potentially affecting the outcome are needed to detect differences between the outcomes of the two treatments, if any exist.

Abstract

Background: Though success rates of endodontic initial treatment have been improving over the years, persistence of periapical disease is far from being a rare condition. The most common therapeutical options for the re‐treatment of teeth with periapical pathosis are non‐surgical orthograde treatment and surgical treatment. Selection between alternative treatments should be based on assessment of respective benefits (mainly healing) and risks from studies consistent with a high level of evidence.

Objectives: To test the null hypothesis of no difference in outcome between surgical and non‐surgical therapy for endodontic re‐treatment of periradicular lesions.

Search methods: The Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched with appropriate search strategies. Handsearching included eight dental journals. The bibliographies of relevant clinical trials and relevant articles were checked for identifying studies outside the handsearched journals. Seven manufacturers of instruments in the field of endodontics or endodontic surgery or both, as well as the authors of the identified randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were contacted in order to identify unpublished or ongoing RCTs. No language restriction was placed. The last electronic search was conducted on 3rd April 2007.

Selection criteria: All RCTs about re‐treatment of teeth with periapical pathosis in which both surgical and non‐surgical approaches were used and having a follow up of at least 1 year were considered for the analysis.

Data collection and analysis: A quality assessment of the included RCTs was carried out and the authors were contacted for missing information. We independently extracted the data in duplicate. We followed the Cochrane Collaboration's statistical guidelines.

Main results: Three RCTs were identified, two of them reporting different data from the same clinical study. The risk of bias was judged as moderate for one study and high for the other one. 126 cases were followed up for at least 1 year, and 82 had a follow up of 4 years. At the 1‐year follow up the success rate for surgical treatment was slightly better than non‐surgical (risk ratio (RR) 1.13; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.98 to 1.30). When the follow up was extended to 4 years (only one RCT made it) the outcome for the two procedures became similar.

Authors' conclusions: The finding that healing rates can be higher for cases treated surgically as compared to those treated non‐surgically, at least in the short term, is based on two RCTs only. A single RCT reported that in the medium to long term healing rates for the two procedures are very similar. There is currently scarce evidence for a sound decision making process among alternative treatments for the re‐treatment of a periradicular pathosis. More well‐designed RCTs should be performed with follow up of at least 4 years, and with a consistent sample size, to detect a true difference in the long term between the outcomes of the two alternative treatments, if any exist.

Editorial Group: Cochrane Oral Health Group.

Publication status: Edited (no change to conclusions).

Citation: Del Fabbro M, Taschieri S, Testori T, Francetti L, Weinstein RL. Surgical versus non‐surgical endodontic re‐treatment for periradicular lesions. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD005511. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005511.pub2. Link to Cochrane Library. [PubMed: 17636803]

Copyright © 2008 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID: 17636803

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