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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet]. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2003-.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet].

Calorie‐controlled diets for chronic asthma

This version published: 2008; Review content assessed as up-to-date: April 30, 2006.

Plain language summary

It is thought that high calorie diets may contribute to the development of asthma. Theoretically, reducing the amount of calorie consumed as part of a diet may help to alleviate the symptoms of asthma. This review was limited by the small size of the studies and the obese population of asthma patients recruited to the study. No firm conclusions can be drawn regarding the effects of dietary manipulation, and more research is required.

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of asthma has increased in recent years. Epidemiological studies suggest a correlation between the onset of asthma and dietary nonallergic factors especially high calorie diet. These can be regarded as other potentially important risk factors.

Objectives: To observe the effect of dietary calorie reduction on chronic asthma in adults or children.

Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register of trials using prespecified terms. We assessed bibliographies from included studies, and contacted authors of known studies for additional information about published and unpublished trials. Date of most recent search: May 2006

Selection criteria: Randomised‐controlled trials of dietary calorie reduction were included.

Data collection and analysis: Three authors assessed each study independently. Disagreement was resolved by consensus. Quality assessment was performed independently.

Main results: One trial of fair methodological quality with a total of 38 patients suffering from chronic asthma was included. There were significant increases in FEV1 and FVC in the active treatment group compared with control. No data pertaining serious adverse effects were reported from the interventions.

Authors' conclusions: There is currently a very small amount of evidence assessing the effects of dietary interventions intended as part of a wide‐ranging weight‐loss programme. Whilst we are unable to recommend these strategies as concomitant interventions with drug‐based therapy for the specific management of asthma, dietary interventions such as weight‐loss programmes may provide benefits in specific patients. However, the impact of a calorie‐controlled diet on the signs and symptoms of asthma in the general asthmatic population is yet to be established.

Editorial Group: Cochrane Airways Group.

Publication status: Edited (no change to conclusions).

Citation: Cheng J, Pan T. Calorie controlled diet for chronic asthma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD004674. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004674.pub2. Link to Cochrane Library. [PubMed: 16034941]

Copyright © 2008 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID: 16034941

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