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Table 5Mode of delivery of antibiotic management strategies

StudyLittle et al. (1997)Pichichero et al. (1987)Gerber et al. (1990)Little et al. (1997)
Antibiotic prescribing strategyDelayedDelayedDelayedNo
Duration of delay3 days2 days2 daysN/A
Methods of delayPatients were asked to return to collect the prescription for antibiotic (prescription left at the surgery).Use of placebo tabletsUse of placebo tabletsN/A
Verbal adviceThe advice package given to patients (in each group) had six or seven standard statements supporting the particular strategy.NoNoThe advice package given to patients (in each group) had six or seven standard statements supporting the particular strategy.
Use of information leafletNoNoNoNo
Use of analgesicsAdvice to take analgesics or antipyretics.Encouraged to take aspirin or acetaminophen (paracetamol) ad libitum every 4 hours as needed to control fever and discomfort.NoAdvice to take analgesics or antipyretics.
Little (97)Pichichero (87)Gerber (90)
ImmediateImmediateImmediate
Duration of delayN/AN/AN/A
Methods of delayN/AN/AN/A
Verbal adviceThe advice package given to patients (in each group) had six or seven standard statements supporting the particular strategyNoNo
Use of information leafletNoNoNo
Use of analgesicsAdvice to take analgesics or antipyretics.Encouraged to take aspirin or acetaminophen ad libitum every 4 hours as needed to control fever and discomfort.No

From: 2, Evidence review and recommendations

Cover of Respiratory Tract Infections - Antibiotic Prescribing
Respiratory Tract Infections - Antibiotic Prescribing: Prescribing of Antibiotics for Self-Limiting Respiratory Tract Infections in Adults and Children in Primary Care.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 69.
Centre for Clinical Practice at NICE (UK).
Copyright © 2008, National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.

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