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10.7.1What is the prevalence of HIV infection in pregnant women in the UK?

StudyRef.PopulationInterventionOutcomesResultsCommentsStudy typeEL
Unlinked Anonymous Surveys Steering Group, 2002407426,474 pregnant women in England, plus 52,707 in Scotland, tested in 2001Survey used leftover blood from samples taken for routine clinical testsNumber HIV-1 infected
HIV prevalence
London: 363/103,840
Elsewhere in UK: 143/322,634
London prevalence: 0.35% (0.05 to 0.84)
Elsewhere in UK prevalence: 0.04 (0.0 to 0.43)
Results represent 72% of all live births in UK for 2001CSS3
Unlinked Anonymous Surveys Steering Group, 1999613506,462 pregnant women in Scotland and England, tested in 1998Survey used leftover blood from samples taken for routine clinical testsNumber HIV-1 infected
Prevalence
Mother-to-child transmission
HIV-1 infected:
  • London: 224/101,602
  • Scotland: 13/57,298
  • Elsewhere in UK: 53/347,562
Prevalence:
  • London: 0.22% (0.0 to 0.62)
  • Scotland: 0.023% (0.0 to 0.079)
  • Elsewhere in the UK: 0.015% (0.0 to 0.12)
Infected babies and births in HIV infected women:
  • London: 37/232, 15.9% (95% CI 12.1% to 21.6%)
  • Scotland: 2/13, 15.4% (95% CI 7.7% to 23.1%)
  • Rest of UK: 19/86, 22.1% (95% CI 17.4% to 26.7%)
CSS3
Unlinked Anonymous Surveys Steering Group, 2001408Pregnant women in Scotland and England, 484,563 women tested in 2000Survey used leftover blood from samples taken for routine clinical testsNumber HIV-1 infected
Prevalence (range)
HIV-1 infected:
  • London: 298/103,852
  • Scotland: 25/53,347
  • Elsewhere in UK: 89/327,364
London prevalence 0.29% (0.0 to 0.73)
Elsewhere in the UK prevalence 0.027% (0.0 to 0.3)
CSS3

From: Evidence tables

Cover of Antenatal Care
Antenatal Care: Routine Care for the Healthy Pregnant Woman.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 62.
National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).
London: RCOG Press; 2008 Mar.
Copyright © 2008, National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health.

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