Table 8.2Strategies most likely to be cost-effective reported in the HTA143 at a threshold willingness to pay of £20,000 per QALY, by age and sex; the probability that the strategy is optimal is given in parentheses

AgeBoysGirls
< 1 yearTreat all, no diagnostic test (0.398)Nitrate, AND leucocyte, followed by MCUG (0.254)
1 to < 2 yearsTreat all, no diagnostic test (0.532)Nitrate, AND leucocyte, followed by MCUG (0.296)
2 to < 3 yearsTreat all, no diagnostic test (0.755)Treat all, no diagnostic test (0.315)
> 3 yearsTreat all, no diagnostic test (0.79)Treat all, no diagnostic test (0.722)

From: 8, Economic evaluation of management of UTI

Cover of Urinary Tract Infection in Children
Urinary Tract Infection in Children: Diagnosis, Treatment and Long-term Management.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 54.
National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).
London: RCOG Press; 2007 Aug.
Copyright © 2007, National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher or, in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency in the UK [www.cla.co.uk]. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside the terms stated here should be sent to the publisher at the UK address printed on this page.

The use of registered names, trademarks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant laws and regulations and therefore for general use.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.