Table 19Depression and risk of AD – results from stratified analyses by Ownby et al., 200645

Stratification of analysisOdds ratio (95% CI)
Cohort studies (n = 11)1.90 (1.55 to 2.33)
Case-control studies (n = 9)2.03 (1.73 to 2.38)
Prospective cohort studies (n = 4)1.78 (1.16 to 2.73)
Retrospective cohort studies (n = 7)2.11 (1.82 to 2.45)
Specific depression criteria2.23 (2.00 to 2.48)
No specific depression criteria1.85 (1.58 to 2.17)
Structured AD criteria1.91 (1.62 to 2.26)
No structured AD criteria2.22 (1.98 to 2.49)

Abbreviations: AD = Alzheimer’s disease; CI = confidence interval; n = number of subjects

From: 3, Results

Cover of Preventing Alzheimer's Disease and Cognitive Decline
Preventing Alzheimer's Disease and Cognitive Decline.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 193.
Williams JW, Plassman BL, Burke J, et al.

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