Appendix Table D7Association between lactose intake and metabolism and bone density (BD)

Study Difference in Daily Ca++ Intake in Comparison GroupsComparisonOutcomeEstimateMean Difference (95% CI)
Honkanen, 199616
Country: Finland
Perimenopausal women Ca++ intake difference in comparison groups: −270/Y
Positive vs. negative lactose tolerance testSpinal BD, mg/cmAdjusted for calcium intake, weight, age, years since menopause, HRT28.27 (3.73; 52.81)
Gugatschka, 200713
Country: Austria
Elderly male Ca++ intake difference in comparison groups: −221/Y
Spinal BD (L1–L4) Z score0.02 (−0.55; 0.59)
Femoral BD (total) Z score−0.13 (−0.48; 0.22)
Femoral BD (neck) Z score−0.14 (−0.47; 0.19)
Femoral BD (trochanteric) Z score−0.26 (−0.62; 0.10)
Spinal BD (L1–L4) Z score−0.07 (−0.68; 0.54)
Femoral BD (total) Z score−0.17 (−0.56; 0.22)
Femoral BD (neck) Z score−0.02 (−0.38; 0.34)
Femoral BD (trochanteric) Z score−0.27 (−0.67; 0.13)
Gugatschka, 200512
Country: Austria
Adult males Ca++ intake difference in comparison groups: −3/N
Spinal BD (L1–L4) Z score0.41 (−0.11; 0.92)
Femoral BD (total) Z score0.04 (−0.27; 0.34)
Spinal BD (L1–L4) Z score0.29 (−0.26; 0.83)
Femoral BD (total) Z score0.01 (−0.33; 0.34)
Spinal BD (L1–L4) Z score−0.12 (−0.49; 0.26)
Femoral BD (total) Z score−0.03 (−0.27; 0.21)
Gugatschka, 200713
Country: Austria
Elderly male Ca++ intake difference in comparison groups: 14/N
Spinal BD (L1–L4) Z score−0.09 (−0.49; 0.31)
Femoral BD (total) Z score−0.04 (−0.31; 0.23)
Femoral BD (neck) Z score0.12 (−0.16; 0.40)
Femoral BD (trochanteric) Z score−0.01 (−0.31; 0.29)

Bold – statistically significant

From: Appendix D, Evidence Tables

Cover of Lactose Intolerance and Health
Lactose Intolerance and Health.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 192.
Wilt TJ, Shaukat A, Shamliyan T, et al.

PubMed Health. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.