Table 13Baseline Consumption of Alcohol Among Risky/Harmful Drinkers Recruited for Interventions in Primary Care (Mean DR/week) *

StudyBaseline Consumption Reported in Study in DR/week Mean (SD)“Corrected” Baseline Consumption Mean DR/week**
Low estimate (14gr/DR)High estimate (12gr/DR)
Senft 124 16.5————
Ockene 127 16.6 (12.4)————
Scott & Anderson 118 (females only)35.3 (SE=1.6)25.129.4
Maisto 122 20.6————
Curry 126 13.6 (SE=0.83)————
Richmond 117 38.5 (23.1)27.532.1
Fleming 1997 111 M 21.7 (12.8)————
F 15.0 (10.0)————
Nilssen 125 NRN/AN/A
Fleming 1999 120 15.5 (7.6)
Anderson & Scott 116 (males only)52 (SE=1.4)37.243.4
Wallace 128 M 62.2 (SE=1.6)44.451.8
F 35.1 (SE=1.5)25.129.3

Baseline consumption for all participants or for least intensive intervention groups only when baseline consumption data not reported for all participants.


Baseline consumption in studies where 1 DR=10gr of ETOH recalculated to approximate the alcohol content of US studies (12–14gr of ETOH).

Studies varied in their assessment of drinking levels because the definition of a standard drink varies internationally. Many earlier studies from outside the United States 116 118 defined a standard drink as 10 grams alcohol (1 unit), while more recent US studies defined a standard drink as somewhere between 12–14 grams of alcohol or about 0.5–0.6 oz of alcohol. 111, 120, 122, 124, 127 The WHO International Study defined a standard drink as 14 grams of alcohol. Some did not explicitly define a standard drink, 126 and so were assumed to use the same standard as other studies from the same country for calculations comparing baseline consumption across studies.

From: 3, Results

Cover of Behavioral Counseling Interventions in Primary Care to Reduce Risky/Harmful Alcohol Use
Behavioral Counseling Interventions in Primary Care to Reduce Risky/Harmful Alcohol Use [Internet].
Systematic Evidence Reviews, No. 30.
Whitlock EP, Green CA, Polen MR, et al.

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