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Results: 8

Positioning for acute respiratory distress in hospitalised infants and children

Acute respiratory distress is one of the most frequent causes of hospitalisation and death in infants and young children globally. When children with severe respiratory distress are put in hospital, treatment may include additional oxygen or assisted ventilation which may damage the lungs. Infants and children with respiratory distress placed in particular positions may be more comfortable, breathe more easily and have better outcomes. However, different positions may also increase the risk of adverse outcomes. Therefore we searched the literature to identify controlled clinical trials comparing two or more body positions in the management of infants and children hospitalised with acute respiratory distress.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Maintenance treatments for opiate‐dependent pregnant women

Some women continue to use opiates when they are pregnant, yet heroin readily crosses the placenta. Opiate‐dependent women experience a six‐fold increase in maternal obstetric complications and give birth to low‐weight babies. The newborn may experience narcotic withdrawal (neonatal abstinence syndrome) and have development problems. There is also increased neonatal mortality and a 74‐fold increase in the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Maintenance treatment with methadone provides a steady concentration of opiate in the pregnant woman's blood and so prevents the adverse effects on the fetus of repeated withdrawals. Buprenorphine is also used. These treatments reduce illicit drug use, improve compliance with obstetric care and improve neonatal birth weight but they are still associated with neonatal abstinence syndrome.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2014

Can interventions for parents and people caring for children reduce children's exposure to tobacco smoke

Children exposed to cigarette smoke (environmental tobacco smoke) are at greater risk of lung problems, infections and serious complications including sudden infant death syndrome. Preventing exposure to cigarette smoke in infancy and childhood might therefore significantly improve children's health worldwide. Parental smoking is a common source of cigarette exposure for children. Older children are also at risk of exposure to cigarette smoke in child care or educational settings.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2014

Cigarette Smoking: Health Risks and How to Quit (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about research and guidelines focused on the prevention and cessation of cigarette smoking.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: March 15, 2013

Adverse effects: Knowing more can help you make the best decisions for your treatment

We all have had this experience – or know someone who has had it: although a therapy has helped, the adverse effects (also called side effects) were so bothersome or severe that in the end the treatment was hardly worthwhile. Or a therapy might be very important for us, but the medical information we are given has a long list of side effects, which can easily put us off or even frighten us.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: February 13, 2013

Smart Health Choices: Making Sense of Health Advice

This book aims to help consumers and practitioners develop the skills to assess health advice – and hopefully to make decisions that will improve the quality of their care. For some people, making better-informed decisions could be life saving. We hope that it will be useful if you are struggling to come to terms with an illness or injury, and the best ways of managing it. Or you may simply want to lead a healthier life, and may be wondering how to make sense of the often conflicting flood of health information that deluges us every day, through the media, and from our friends and health practitioners.

Hammersmith Press.

Version: 2008
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Unusual Cancers of Childhood (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of unusual cancers of childhood such as cancers of the head and neck, chest, abdomen, reproductive system, skin, and others.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: August 15, 2014

Testing Treatments: Better Research for Better Healthcare. 2nd edition

How do we know whether a particular treatment really works? How reliable is the evidence? And how do we ensure that research into medical treatments best meets the needs of patients? These are just a few of the questions addressed in a lively and informative way in Testing Treatments. Brimming with vivid examples, Testing Treatments will inspire both patients and professionals.

Pinter & Martin.

Version: 2011
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