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Comparing newer drugs for diabetes, including combination drugs

How do newer drugs for diabetes compare in lowering blood sugar levels?

PubMed Clinical Q&A [Internet] - National Center for Biotechnology Information (US).

Version: May 16, 2011

Medicines for Type 2 Diabetes: A Review of the Research for Adults

This summary covers the research on the benefits and possible side effects of medicines to lower or control your blood sugar. It will help you talk with your doctor or other health care professional to decide which medicines are best for you.

Comparative Effectiveness Review Summary Guides for Consumers [Internet] - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: June 30, 2011

Medication for type 2 diabetes

People with type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes. Depending on age and lifestyle, different medications and treatment goals can be important. It also depends on whether people have any other health problems.Since high blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) are the main sign of type 2 diabetes, it seems logical to use blood-sugar lowering medication. But that is not always necessary. Medication is only needed if blood sugar levels cannot be regulated any other way, for example by changing your diet, losing weight or exercising more.Blood sugar levels that are permanently high can cause damage to the retina or the kidneys, and can also harm the blood vessels. The risk of stroke or heart attack may also increase. But the age at which type 2 diabetes begins also plays a role. Many older people with type 2 diabetes do not have any problems caused by an increased blood sugar level. For them, other conditions like high blood pressure are more serious.But if you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in your forties, you will probably live with the condition for quite a long time. Complications can occur even if your blood sugar levels are only slightly too high over a long period of time. It is therefore very important for younger people with diabetes to keep their blood sugar levels low.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: June 4, 2014

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