Home > Search Results
  • We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
  • Added to PubMed Health

    clear
    • Custom range...

Results: 4

Antibiotics are effective in preventing post‐operative complications following infection of the peritoneum (peritonitis), but there is no evidence to support that one regimen is superior to another, and at the same time has less side effects.

Patients with peritonitis originated from the gut will often require surgery. Antibiotics are useful in the treatment of the ongoing infection and for prevention of post‐operative complications.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Mechanical bowel preparation for elective colorectal surgery may not improve outcome for patients

Until recently it was thought that vigorous preoperative mechanical cleansing of the bowel (mechanical bowel preparation), together with the use of oral antibiotics, reduced the risk of septic complications after non‐emergency (elective) colorectal operations. Mechanical bowel preparation was performed routinely prior to colorectal surgery until 1972, when this procedure started to be questioned. Well designed clinical trials were published, and their results caused some colorectal surgeons to doubt this traditional belief.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2011

Using mupirocin ointment to reduce staphylococcus aureus infection rates in people who are nasal carriers of staphylococcus aureus.

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is the main hospital acquired pathogen and although the focus has been on preventing cross‐infection between patients, it has been shown that a large number of S. aureus infections start from the patient's own flora. Nasal carriage of S. aureus is a risk factor for infection in hospital patients and using a local antibiotic treatment of mupirocin ointment is often used to eradicate nasal S.aureus. It has been found that if people are nasal carriers of S. aureus then using mupirocin ointment reduces the level of S aureus infections.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2011

Taking traditional Chinese medication (TCM) orally for adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO)

SBO is one of the most common emergent complications of general surgery. Intra‐abdominal adhesions are the most frequent complication of abdominal surgery. SBO due to postoperative intra‐abdominal adhesions is associated with a high rate of rehospitalisation and huge costs. Thus, non‐operative management is preferred. Chinese herbal medicine is frequently used to treat adhesive SBO in China. This review examined five randomised trials with five different Chinese herbal medicines, involving a total of 664 participants. All trials were conducted and published in China. None of the trials mentioned adverse effects. The methodological limitations in these studies are quite obvious, and any conclusions based on their results should be made with caution. This systematic review did not find sufficient evidence to support the objective efficacy and safety of TCM for adhesive SBO patients. Further high‐quality trials evaluating oral TCM for adhesive SBO are urgently needed.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...