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Results: 11

Use of noninvasive ventilation (a mask ventilator) holds promise as a method to make it easier to remove adults from conventional ventilators.

Patients with acute respiratory failure frequently require endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation (invasive positive‐pressure ventilation) to sustain life. Complications of mechanical ventilation include respiratory muscle weakness, upper airway injury, ventilator‐associated pneumonia, sinusitis and associated death. For these reasons, it is important to minimize the duration of mechanical ventilation. Noninvasive positive‐pressure ventilation is achieved with an oronasal, nasal or total face mask connected to a positive‐pressure ventilator and does not require an indwelling artificial airway.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2014

Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation for acute respiratory failure following upper abdominal surgery

The goal of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) (continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or bilevel NPPV) compared with oxygen therapy alone in adults with acute respiratory failure after upper abdominal surgery.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2015

Helium‐oxygen mixture for the treatment of exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Mixtures of helium and oxygen (heliox) may make breathing easier, but there is not enough evidence from trials to show whether these mixtures can relieve attacks of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2008

Second trimester serum tests for Down's Syndrome screening

Background: Down's syndrome occurs when a person has three copies of chromosome 21 ‐ or the specific area of chromosome 21 implicated in causing Down's syndrome ‐ rather than two. It is the commonest congenital cause of mental retardation. Noninvasive screening based on biochemical analysis of maternal serum or urine, or fetal ultrasound measurements, allows estimates of the risk of a pregnancy being affected and provides information to guide decisions about definitive testing.  

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Wrist PC6 acupuncture point stimulation to prevent nausea and vomiting after surgery

Does a review of the evidence support the use of wrist PC6 acupuncture point stimulation (PC6 acupoint) as effective in reducing nausea and vomiting after surgery (PONV), compared to sham (dummy acupoint stimulation) or antiemetics (drugs that relieve nausea and vomiting) in people undergoing surgery? This review updates the evidence published in 2009, and is current to December 2014.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2016

Screening tests for Down’s syndrome in first 24 weeks of pregnancy

Down's syndrome (also known as Down's or Trisomy 21) is an incurable genetic disorder that causes significant physical and mental health problems, and disabilities. However, there is wide variation in how Down's affects people. Some individuals are severely affected whilst others have mild problems and are able to lead relatively normal lives. There is no way of predicting how badly a baby might be affected.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2016

Screening tests for Down’s syndrome in first three months of pregnancy

Down's syndrome (also known as Down's or Trisomy 21) is an incurable genetic disorder that causes significant physical and mental health problems, and disabilities. However, there is wide variation in how Down's affects people. Some individuals are severely affected whilst others have mild problems and are able to lead relatively normal lives. There is no way of predicting how badly a baby might be affected.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2015

Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of renal pelvis and ureter transitional cell cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: May 22, 2015

Male Breast Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of male breast cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: February 25, 2016

Breast Cancer Treatment and Pregnancy (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: October 21, 2015

Breast Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive breast cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: March 16, 2016

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