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Surgical management of craniopharyngiomas in children: meta-analysis and comparison of transcranial and transsphenoidal approaches

This review found that directly comparing outcomes after transcranial and transsphenoidal surgery in children with brain tumours may not be valid because of baseline differences in the groups undergoing these surgical procedures. Methodological flaws in the review and the unknown quality of the included studies means the reliability of authors' cautious conclusions is unclear.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2011

Fatigue (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about fatigue, a condition marked by extreme tiredness and inability to function because of lack of energy, often seen as a complication of cancer or its treatment.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: August 28, 2014

Gastrointestinal Complications (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about constipation, impaction, bowel obstruction, and diarrhea as complications of cancer or its treatment. The management of these problems is discussed.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: June 26, 2015

Depression (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of depression in adults and children who have cancer.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: August 28, 2014

Pain (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about pain as a complication of cancer or its treatment. Approaches to the management and treatment of cancer-associated pain are discussed.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: July 16, 2015

Childhood Craniopharyngioma Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of childhood craniopharyngioma

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: January 15, 2015

Bacterial Meningitis and Meningococcal Septicaemia: Management of Bacterial Meningitis and Meningococcal Septicaemia in Children and Young People Younger than 16 Years in Primary and Secondary Care

This guideline covers bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia, focusing on management of these conditions in children and young people aged younger than 16 years in primary and secondary care, and using evidence of direct relevance to these age groups where available.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).

Version: 2010
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Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the health problems that continue or appear after cancer treatment has ended.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: May 18, 2015

Atopic Eczema in Children: Management of Atopic Eczema in Children from Birth up to the Age of 12 Years

Atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic inflammatory itchy skin condition that develops in early childhood in the majority of cases. It is typically an episodic disease of exacerbation (flares, which may occur as frequently as two or three per month) and remissions, except for severe cases where it may be continuous. Certain patterns of atopic eczema are recognised. In infants, atopic eczema usually involves the face and extensor surfaces of the limbs and, while it may involve the trunk, the napkin area is usually spared. A few infants may exhibit a discoid pattern (circular patches). In older children flexural involvement predominates, as in adults. Diagnostic criteria are discussed in Chapter 3. As with other atopic conditions, such as asthma and allergic rhinitis (hay fever), atopic eczema often has a genetic component. In atopic eczema, inherited factors affect the development of the skin barrier, which can lead to exacerbation of the disease by a large number of trigger factors, including irritants and allergens. Many cases of atopic eczema clear or improve during childhood while others persist into adulthood, and some children who have atopic eczema `will go on to develop asthma and/or allergic rhinitis; this sequence of events is sometimes referred to as the ‘atopic march’. The epidemiology of atopic eczema is considered in Chapter 5, and the impact of the condition on children and their families/caregivers is considered in Sections 4.2 and 4.3.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).

Version: December 2007
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Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of childhood Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: May 20, 2015

Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of childhood central nervous system germ cell tumors.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: April 9, 2015

Childhood Astrocytomas Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of childhood astrocytomas.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: April 9, 2015

Drug Class Review: Controller Medications for Asthma: Final Update 1 Report [Internet]

To compare the efficacy and safety of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs), long-acting beta-2 agonists (LABAs), leukotriene modifiers (LMs), anti-IgE therapy, combination products, and tiotropium for people with persistent asthma.

Drug Class Reviews - Oregon Health & Science University.

Version: April 2011
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Diagnosis and Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction

To systematically review the evidence on efficacy and harms of pharmaceutical treatments used in the management of male erectile dysfunction (ED); to explore the clinical utility of routine hormonal blood tests (e.g. testosterone, prolactin) for identifying and treating hormonal disorders and thereby affecting therapeutic outcomes for ED.

Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: May 2009
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Bipolar Disorder: The Management of Bipolar Disorder in Adults, Children and Adolescents, in Primary and Secondary Care

This guideline has been developed to advise on the treatment and management of bipolar disorder. The guideline recommendations have been developed by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, patients and guideline methodologists after careful consideration of the best available evidence. It is intended that the guidelines will be useful to clinicians and service commissioners in providing and planning high quality care for those with bipolar disorder while also emphasising the importance of the experience of care for patients and carers.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).

Version: 2006
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Drug Class Review: Nasal Corticosteroids: Final Report Update 1 [Internet]

Nasal corticosteroids are a safe and effective treatment option for both allergic and non-allergic rhinitis. There are currently 8 different nasal corticosteroid preparations on the U.S. market. The nasal sprays differ with respect to delivery device and propellant, as well as potency and dosing frequency. The purpose of this review is evaluating the comparative evidence on the benefits and harms of the nasal corticosteroids to help policy makers and clinicians make informed choices.

Drug Class Reviews - Oregon Health & Science University.

Version: June 2008

Eating Disorders: Core Interventions in the Treatment and Management of Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders

This guideline has been developed to advise on the identification, treatment and management of the eating disorders anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and related conditions. The guideline recommendations have been developed by a multidisciplinary group of health care professionals, patients and their representatives, and guideline methodologists after careful consideration of the best available evidence. It is intended that the guideline will be useful to clinicians and service commissioners in providing and planning high quality care for those with eating disorders while also emphasising the importance of the experience of care for patients and carers.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).

Version: 2004
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Effectiveness of Assisted Reproductive Technology

We reviewed the evidence regarding the outcomes of interventions used in ovulation induction, superovulation, and in vitro fertilization (IVF) for the treatment of infertility. Short-term outcomes included pregnancy, live birth, multiple gestation, and complications. Long-term outcomes included pregnancy and post-pregnancy complications for both mothers and infants.

Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: May 2008

Effectiveness of Primary Care Interventions for Weight Management in Children and Adolescents: An Updated, Targeted Systematic Review for the USPSTF [Internet]

To examine behavioral and pharmacological weight management interventions for overweight (defined as BMI ≥ 85th to 94th percentile of age- and sex-specific norms) and/or obese (BMI ≥ 95th percentile) children and adolescents which are feasible to conduct in primary care settings or that may be available for referral from primary care in order to update an identified gap in the previous report on childhood obesity for the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).

Evidence Syntheses - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: January 2010
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Alcohol Consumption and Cancer Risk: Understanding Possible Causal Mechanisms for Breast and Colorectal Cancers

The purpose of this report is to systematically examine the possible causal mechanism(s) that may explain the association between alcohol (ethanol) consumption and the risk of developing breast and colorectal cancers.

Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: November 2010
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