Home > Search Results

Results: 1 to 20 of 289

Urgent need for well‐designed studies of childhood apraxia of speech

At present, there is a lack of agreement in the clinical and research community about how to diagnose CAS (ASHA 2007). The number of treatment investigations reported in the literature has been severely limited, perhaps at least in part due to this lack of consensus on the underlying nature or diagnosis of CAS. This review investigates the effectiveness of treatment delivered by Speech Language Pathologists targeting CAS in children and adolescents.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2009

Speech and language therapy interventions for children with primary speech and language delay or disorder

Primary speech and language delay/disorder is a common developmental difficulty which, if unresolved, can cause difficulties of both learning and socialisation lasting into adolescence and beyond. This review examines the effectiveness of speech and language therapy interventions for children with primary speech and language delay/disorder.The review concludes that whilst there may be some support for the effectiveness of speech and language therapy for children with expressive phonological and expressive vocabulary difficulties, the evidence concerning the effectiveness of interventions for expressive syntax is mixed, and no evidence is available concerning interventions for children with receptive language difficulties.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2015

Treatment for speech disorder in Friedreich ataxia and other hereditary ataxia syndromes (inherited disorders of movement co‐ordination)

We reviewed the evidence about the effects of treatment on speech difficulties in people with Friedreich ataxia and other hereditary ataxias.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2014

Music in the treatment of neurological language and speech disorders: a systematic review

Bibliographic details: Hurkmans J, de Bruijn M, Boonstra AM, Jonkers R, Bastiaanse R, Arendzen H, Reinders-Messelink HA.  Music in the treatment of neurological language and speech disorders: a systematic review. Aphasiology 2012; 26(1): 1-19 Available from: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/psych/paph/2012/00000026/00000001/art00001

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2012

Interventions for apraxia of speech following stroke

No evidence was found for the treatment of apraxia of speech, a communication disorder that can affect stroke patients. Patients with apraxia of speech know what they want to say, but are unable to carry out the speech movements due to their inability to programme the required sequence. For example, a patient may be able to say goodbye when leaving someone (automatic), but not when asked to say goodbye out of context (volitional). Several types of treatment interventions have been identified; however, we were unable to find any clinical trials of these.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2008

Electropalatography for articulation disorders associated with cleft palate

A cleft palate means that during the early stages of pregnancy, the baby’s roof of the mouth does not join in the normal way. The lip is sometimes cleft as well as the palate. Children who are born with a cleft lip or palate usually have corrective surgery during the first few years of life. Nowadays, surgery is so good that there are few long term consequences.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2009

Screening for specific developmental disorders of speech and language in children: Executive summary of final report S06-01, Version 1.0

The primary goal of this investigation is to assess the benefit of early detection screening for specific developmental disorders of speech and language in children up to 6 years of age in the form of universal speech screening with respect to patient-relevant outcomes. With diagnosis and treatment of a specific developmental language disorder carried out as early as possible, a child’s developmental impairments and the associated potentially lifelong consequences should be prevented, or at least reduced.

Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care: Executive Summaries [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: June 17, 2009

Telehealth for Speech and Language Pathology: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines [Internet]

The purposes of this review were to identify the evidence regarding the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of telehealth for the delivery of speech-language pathology (SLP) services to children with speech and language disorders or impairments and to summarize the recommendations from evidence-based practice guidelines regarding the use of telehealth in the target population.

Rapid Response Report: Summary with Critical Appraisal - Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health.

Version: April 7, 2015
Show search results within this document

Speech and language therapy for children with cerebral palsy might improve their communication skills, but more research is needed.

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a movement disorder caused by damage to the brain before, during or soon after birth. The ability for people with CP to communicate effectively is often impaired by problems with speech and also gestures usually used in communication. Speech and language therapy aims to help people with CP maximise their communication skills. This can include ways of enhancing natural forms of communication, introducing aids such as symbol charts or devices with synthetic speech, and training communication partners. The review found some weak evidence that speech and language therapy might help children with CP, but more research is needed.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2016

Screening for Speech and Language Delays and Disorders in Children Age 5 Years or Younger: A Systematic Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force [Internet]

To evaluate the evidence on screening and treating children for speech and language delays or disorders for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).

Evidence Syntheses - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: July 2015
Show search results within this document

Non‐speech oral motor treatment for children with developmental speech sound disorders

We reviewed the evidence on the effects of non‐speech oral motor treatment (NSOMT) for treating children with developmental speech sound disorders who have speech errors.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2015

Speech and language therapy for speech problems in Parkinson’s disease

Many people with Parkinson's disease suffer from disorders of speech. The most frequently reported speech problems are weak, hoarse, nasal or monotonous voice, imprecise articulation, slow or fast speech, difficulty starting speech, impaired stress or rhythm, stuttering and tremor. People with the condition also tend to give fewer non‐verbal cues such as using facial expression to convey information. These disabilities tend to increase as the disease progresses and can lead to serious problems with communication.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Speech and language therapy for speech problems in Parkinson's disease

Many people with Parkinson's disease suffer from disorders of speech. The most frequently reported speech problems are weak, hoarse, nasal or monotonous voice, imprecise articulation, slow or fast speech, difficulty starting speech, impaired stress or rhythm, stuttering and tremor. People with the condition also tend to give fewer non‐verbal cues, such as facial expressions and hand gestures. These disabilities tend to increase as the disease progresses and can lead to serious problems with communication.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Speech and language therapy for dysarthria due to non‐progressive brain damage

Speech and language therapy treatments for people with dysarthria have not been tested in large clinical trials. Dysarthria is a speech problem which can be caused by a number of brain disorders including conditions such as stroke and head injury. Typical features of dysarthria include slurring of speech and quiet voice volume. Psychological distress is often experienced by people with dysarthria. Speech and language therapists employ a range of treatments to help people with dysarthria. There are no large clinical trials which have tested whether these treatments are effective.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2009

Dysphagia occurs frequently in Parkinson's disease although patients themselves may be unaware of swallowing difficulties. Speech and language therapists in conjunction with nurses and dietiticians use techniques that aim to improve swallowing and reduce the risk of choking and chest infections.

This review compared the benefits of swallowing therapy versus placebo (sham therapy) or no therapy for swallowing disorders in Parkinson's disease. Relevant trials were identified by electronic searches of 21 medical literature databases, various registers of clinical trials and an examination of the reference lists of identified studies and other reviews.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2009

Speech therapy for children with dysarthria ac quired before three years of age

This review aimed to investigate if therapy is generally effective for children with dysarthria acquired early in life, and if certain types of therapy may be better than others.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2016

Speech and language therapy for language problems after a stroke

We reviewed the evidence of the effect of speech and language therapy (SLT) on language problems experienced by people after a stroke (known as aphasia).

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2016

Effectiveness of the picture exchange communication system (PECS) on communication and speech for children with autism spectrum disorders: a meta-analysis

PURPOSE: The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a popular communication-training program for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This meta-analysis reviews the current empirical evidence for PECS in affecting communication and speech outcomes for children with ASD.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2010

Effects of augmentative and alternative communication intervention on speech production in children with autism: a systematic review

PURPOSE: This systematic review aimed to determine the effects of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) intervention on speech production in children with autism or pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2008

Eating Disorders: Core Interventions in the Treatment and Management of Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders

This guideline has been developed to advise on the identification, treatment and management of the eating disorders anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and related conditions. The guideline recommendations have been developed by a multidisciplinary group of health care professionals, patients and their representatives, and guideline methodologists after careful consideration of the best available evidence. It is intended that the guideline will be useful to clinicians and service commissioners in providing and planning high quality care for those with eating disorders while also emphasising the importance of the experience of care for patients and carers.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).

Version: 2004
Show search results within this document

Systematic Reviews in PubMed

See all (823)...

Systematic Review Methods in PubMed

See all (9)...

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...