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J Nucl Med. 2011 Jan;52(1):147-53. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.110.075895. Epub 2010 Dec 13.

Synthesis and in vivo evaluation of p-18F-Fluorohippurate as a new radiopharmaceutical for assessment of renal function by PET.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Oklahoma College of Pharmacy, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73117, USA.

Abstract

The molecular structure of p-18F-fluorohippurate (18F-PFH) is similar to that of p-aminohippurate, a gold standard for the measurement of effective renal plasma flow. The objective of this study was to investigate 18F-PFH as a new PET renal agent.

METHODS:

18F-PFH was synthesized by reacting N-succinimidyl-4-18F-fluorobenzoate (18F-SFB) with glycine at 90°C (pH 8) for 20 min. In vitro stability was determined by incubating 18F-PFH in fresh human plasma at 37°C for 60 min. In vivo stability was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis of urine collected from a normal rat at 40 min after injection of 18F-PFH. The plasma protein binding and erythrocyte uptake were determined using plasma collected from a normal rat at 5 min after injection of 18F-PFH. The plasma clearance of 18F-PFH was determined using a single-injection clearance method in normal and probenecid-treated rats. Biodistribution studies were conducted in normal rats at 10 min and 1 h after injection of 18F-PFH. Dynamic PET/CT studies were conducted in normal rats injected with 18F-PFH.

RESULTS:

In normal rats, the plasma clearance of 18F-PFH was 4.11±1.09 mL/min/100 g, which reduced by approximately 50% (P=0.03) to 2.01±0.08 mL/min/100 g in probenecid-treated rats. About 45.3% of 18F-PFH was found to associate with plasma proteins in vivo in normal rats. Biodistribution studies of 18F-PFH in normal rats showed 72.1±6.4 percentage injected dose and 88.6±6.2 percentage injected dose, respectively, in urine at 10 min and 1 h after injection. The uptake in other organs was negligible. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis of urine collected from a rat at 40 min after injection of 18F-PFH indicated that it was excreted intact, with no metabolic products. Dynamic PET revealed a rapid clearance of 18F-PFH through the renal-urinary pathway. The PET-derived renograms revealed a time to peak activity of 3.0±1.0 min.

CONCLUSION:

These combined results warrant further investigation of 18F-PFH as a radiopharmaceutical for the assessment of renal function by PET.

PMID:
21149490
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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