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Isr J Med Sci. 1982 Dec;18(12):1183-97.

Nutrient intake in Jerusalem--consumption in adults.


During 1976-80, nutrient intake was assessed in a cross-sectional sample of 1,589 middle-aged Jerusalem residents (1,028 males and 561 females) using the protocols and methods of the North American Lipid Research Clinics (LRCs) Prevalence Studies. All subjects were parents of 17-yr-old youngsters studied previously. Energy intake in both males and females was lower than the recommended energy intake for this age-group. Intake of fat relative to energy in males and females was 32.1 and 34.0%, of saturated fatty acids (SFA) 10.0 and 11.0%, and of total carbohydrates 50.2 and 49.9%, respectively. Cholesterol consumption was 210 and 238 mg/1,000 kcal in males and females, respectively. The mean polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids (P:S) ratio of the diet was 0.95 in males and 0.84 in females. There were marked differences in the nutrient intake of subjects of different ethnic origin. Subjects from Israel and Europe consumed more total fat and SFA and less total carbohydrates than did their counterparts from Asia and North Africa. Consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PFA) was highest in subjects from Israel. The P:S ratio of the diet was highest in the North African group, followed by the Israeli group, and lowest in subjects from Europe. The highest sucrose intake was found in subjects from North Africa and the highest cholesterol intake in immigrants from Europe. Nutrient intake of Jerusalem adults differed markedly from that of populations in other Western countries.

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