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Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 1999 Dec;67(12):525-8.

[Orofaciodigital syndrome--a new variant? Psychiatric, neurologic and neuroradiological findings].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Psychiatrische Klinik der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen.


Oral-facial-digital (OFD) syndromes are a heterogeneous group of inherited syndromes that have in common anomalies of the face (median cleft lip), the tongue (bifid or lobulated tongue with harmartomas), and the digits (brachydactyly, polydactyly, syndactyly). Due to more or less subtle clinical features, at least seven causally different entities can be identified: 1) OFDS I; 2) OFDS II (Mohr syndrome); 3) OFDS III; 4) OFDS with tibial anomalies (OFDS IV); 5) OFDS V (Thurston syndrome); 6) OFDS VI (Váradi syndrome); and 7) OFDS VII (Whelan syndrome). The neuro-psychiatric clinical observations and MRI findings of a 40 year old woman with a OFD syndrome are described. The observed findings (leukoaraiosis, epilepsy, major depression) in combination with a proven OFD syndrome possibly reflect a new type of OFD syndrome.

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