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BMC Genomics. 2013 Feb 2;14:75. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-14-75.

Draft genome sequence of the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis.

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  • 1Centre for Chemical Biology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hevea brasiliensis, a member of the Euphorbiaceae family, is the major commercial source of natural rubber (NR). NR is a latex polymer with high elasticity, flexibility, and resilience that has played a critical role in the world economy since 1876.

RESULTS:

Here, we report the draft genome sequence of H. brasiliensis. The assembly spans ~1.1 Gb of the estimated 2.15 Gb haploid genome. Overall, ~78% of the genome was identified as repetitive DNA. Gene prediction shows 68,955 gene models, of which 12.7% are unique to Hevea. Most of the key genes associated with rubber biosynthesis, rubberwood formation, disease resistance, and allergenicity have been identified.

CONCLUSIONS:

The knowledge gained from this genome sequence will aid in the future development of high-yielding clones to keep up with the ever increasing need for natural rubber.

PMID:
23375136
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3575267
Free PMC Article
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