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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2009 May;63(5):992-7. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkp070. Epub 2009 Mar 11.

Saquinavir exposure in HIV-infected patients with chronic viral hepatitis.

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  • 1'Lluita contra la SIDA' Foundation, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain. jmolto@flsida.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to assess the influence of hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus co-infection and the extent of liver fibrosis on saquinavir and ritonavir pharmacokinetics in HIV-infected subjects without liver function impairment.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional, comparative study enrolling HIV-infected adults receiving saquinavir/ritonavir 1000/100 mg twice daily or 1500/100 mg once daily was conducted. Patients with chronic viral hepatitis (HEP+) were grouped as having advanced liver fibrosis (HEP+/FIB+) or not (HEP+/FIB-) based on the FIB-4 index. Saquinavir and ritonavir trough concentrations (C(trough)) in plasma were determined by HPLC. The geometric mean ratio (GMR) was used to compare saquinavir and ritonavir C(trough) between HEP- and HEP+ patients, and the influence of the extent of liver fibrosis on saquinavir and ritonavir pharmacokinetics was explored using analysis of variance.

RESULTS:

One hundred and thirty-eight patients on twice-daily saquinavir/ritonavir (67 HEP-, 71 HEP+) and 36 patients on once-daily saquinavir/ritonavir (12 HEP-, 24 HEP+) were included. Saquinavir C(trough) was comparable between HEP- and HEP+ patients receiving either saquinavir/ritonavir 1000/100 mg twice daily [GMR 0.91, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.60-1.37; P = 0.655] or 1500/100 mg once daily (GMR 0.88, 95% CI 0.39-1.97; P = 0.752). Similarly, ritonavir C(trough) was also comparable between HEP- and HEP+ patients. The extent of liver fibrosis was not significantly related to saquinavir or ritonavir C(trough) in patients receiving either of the two studied doses.

CONCLUSIONS:

Saquinavir C(trough) was not increased in HIV-infected patients with chronic viral hepatitis in the absence of liver function impairment. These results confirm that no specific dose modification of saquinavir/ritonavir should be recommended in this setting.

PMID:
19279052
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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