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J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2011;3(3):105-14. doi: 10.4274/jcrpe.v3i3.22.

Current concepts in disorders of sexual development.

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  • 1Ankara University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Ankara, Turkey. gonulocal@gmail.com

Abstract

Disorders of sex development (DSD) with or without ambiguous genitalia require medical attention to reach a definite diagnosis. Advances in identification of molecular causes of abnormal sex, heightened awareness of ethical issues and this necessitated a re-evaluation of nomenclature. The term DSD was proposed for congenital conditions in which chromosomal, gonadal or anatomical sex is atypical. In general, factors influencing sex determination are transcriptional regulators, whereas factors important for sex differentiation are secreted hormones and their receptors. The current intense debate on the management of patients with intersexuality and related conditions focus on four major issues: 1) aetiological diagnosis, 2) assignment of gender, 3) indication for and timing of genital surgery, 4) the disclosure of medical information to the patient and his/her parents. The psychological and social implications of gender assignment require a multidisciplinary approach and a team which includes ageneticist, neonatologist, endocrinologist, gynaecologist, psychiatrist, surgeon and a social worker. Each patient should be evaluated individually by multidisciplinary approach.

PMID:
21911322
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3184510
Free PMC Article
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