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Improving GRADE Evidence Tables part 3: Guidance for useful GRADE certainty in the evidence judgments through explanatory footnotes.

Santesso N, Carrasco-Labra A, Langendam M, Brignardello-Petersen R, Mustafa RA, Heus P, Lasserson T, Opiyo N, Kunnamo I, Sinclair D, Garner P, Treweek S, Tovey D, Akl EA, Tugwell P, Brozek JL, Guyatt G, Sch√ľnemann H.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2016 Jan 12. pii: S0895-4356(15)00582-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.12.006. [Epub ahead of print]


The need for pragmatic clinical trials in low and middle income settings - taking essential neonatal interventions delivered as part of inpatient care as an illustrative example.

English M, Karumbi J, Maina M, Aluvaala J, Gupta A, Zwarenstein M, Opiyo N.

BMC Med. 2016 Jan 18;14(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s12916-016-0556-z.


In-service training for health professionals to improve care of seriously ill newborns and children in low-income countries.

Opiyo N, English M.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 May 13;5:CD007071. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007071.pub3. Review.


Chlorhexidine skin or cord care for prevention of mortality and infections in neonates.

Sinha A, Sazawal S, Pradhan A, Ramji S, Opiyo N.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Mar 5;3:CD007835. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007835.pub2. Review.


Immediate fluid management of children with severe febrile illness and signs of impaired circulation in low-income settings: a contextualised systematic review.

Opiyo N, Molyneux E, Sinclair D, Garner P, English M.

BMJ Open. 2014 Apr 30;4(4):e004934. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-004934. Review.


Evidence review of hydroxyurea for the prevention of sickle cell complications in low-income countries.

Mulaku M, Opiyo N, Karumbi J, Kitonyi G, Thoithi G, English M.

Arch Dis Child. 2013 Nov;98(11):908-14. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2012-302387. Epub 2013 Aug 30. Review.


Topical umbilical cord care.

Karumbi J, Mulaku M, Aluvaala J, English M, Opiyo N.

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013 Jul;32(7):801-2. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31829138fd. No abstract available.


Understanding careseeking for child illness in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and conceptual framework based on qualitative research of household recognition and response to child diarrhoea, pneumonia and malaria.

Colvin CJ, Smith HJ, Swartz A, Ahs JW, de Heer J, Opiyo N, Kim JC, Marraccini T, George A.

Soc Sci Med. 2013 Jun;86:66-78. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.02.031. Epub 2013 Mar 1. Review.


Comparison of alternative evidence summary and presentation formats in clinical guideline development: a mixed-method study.

Opiyo N, Shepperd S, Musila N, Allen E, Nyamai R, Fretheim A, English M.

PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e55067. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055067. Epub 2013 Jan 25.


Topical umbilical cord care for prevention of infection and neonatal mortality.

Karumbi J, Mulaku M, Aluvaala J, English M, Opiyo N.

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013 Jan;32(1):78-83. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3182783dc3. Review.


The "Child Health Evidence Week" and GRADE grid may aid transparency in the deliberative process of guideline development.

Opiyo N, Shepperd S, Musila N, English M, Fretheim A.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2012 Sep;65(9):962-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2012.03.004. Epub 2012 Jun 27.


Supporting registration of child-focused clinical trials in Africa: the Child Strategy Project.

Abrams AL, Opiyo N, Cotton M, Crowley S, Okebe J, Wiysonge CS.

S Afr Med J. 2011 Nov 1;101(11):804. No abstract available.


Experience developing national evidence-based clinical guidelines for childhood pneumonia in a low-income setting--making the GRADE?

Agweyu A, Opiyo N, English M.

BMC Pediatr. 2012 Jan 1;12:1. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-12-1. Review.


Effect of a multi-faceted quality improvement intervention on inappropriate antibiotic use in children with non-bloody diarrhoea admitted to district hospitals in Kenya.

Opondo C, Ayieko P, Ntoburi S, Wagai J, Opiyo N, Irimu G, Allen E, Carpenter J, English M.

BMC Pediatr. 2011 Nov 25;11:109. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-11-109.


Quality of hospital care for sick newborns and severely malnourished children in Kenya: a two-year descriptive study in 8 hospitals.

Gathara D, Opiyo N, Wagai J, Ntoburi S, Ayieko P, Opondo C, Wamae A, Migiro S, Mogoa W, Wasunna A, Were F, Irimu G, English M.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2011 Nov 11;11:307. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-11-307.


Treatment of African children with severe malaria - towards evidence-informed clinical practice using GRADE.

Musila N, Opiyo N, English M.

Malar J. 2011 Jul 21;10:201. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-10-201. Review.


A multifaceted intervention to implement guidelines and improve admission paediatric care in Kenyan district hospitals: a cluster randomised trial.

Ayieko P, Ntoburi S, Wagai J, Opondo C, Opiyo N, Migiro S, Wamae A, Mogoa W, Were F, Wasunna A, Fegan G, Irimu G, English M.

PLoS Med. 2011 Apr;8(4):e1001018. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001018. Epub 2011 Apr 5.


Getting to grips with GRADE-perspective from a low-income setting.

English M, Opiyo N.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2011 Jul;64(7):708-10. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2010.07.016. Epub 2011 Feb 12. No abstract available.


What clinical signs best identify severe illness in young infants aged 0-59 days in developing countries? A systematic review.

Opiyo N, English M.

Arch Dis Child. 2011 Nov;96(11):1052-9. doi: 10.1136/adc.2010.186049. Epub 2011 Jan 10. Review.


Caffeine for the management of apnea in preterm infants.

Mueni E, Opiyo N, English M.

Int Health. 2009 Dec;1(2):190-5. doi: 10.1016/j.inhe.2009.09.005.

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