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Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jun;21(6):609-15.

Multiple fetal anomalies associated with subtle subtelomeric chromosomal rearrangements.

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  • 1Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105-0371, USA. vsouter@u.washington.edu

Abstract

We report two cases of multiple fetal anomalies detected by prenatal ultrasound and associated with subtle subtelomeric chromosomal rearrangements. The first case presented at 25 weeks of gestation with an enlarged cisterna magna and ventriculomegaly. Karyotyping of amniocytes showed a subtle terminal abnormality of chromosome 6q. Thereafter, screening of all unique chromosomal subtelomeric regions using a panel of telomere-specific, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes revealed an unbalanced reciprocal translocation between 6q and 17p [46,XX.ish der(6)t(6;17)(q25.3;p13)(TelVysion6q-;TelVysion17p+)]. The second case presented at 25 weeks of gestation with tetralogy of Fallot and at 34 weeks of gestation had additional ultrasound findings of an arachnoid cyst and intrauterine growth restriction. Postnatal karyotyping of peripheral blood was performed and appeared normal. However, a cryptic deletion of the subtelomeric region of the long arm of chromosome 14 was identified when the infant's blood sample was used as a control for an oncology FISH probe. Thereafter, screening of all unique chromosomal subtelomeric regions using a panel of telomere-specific FISH probes revealed an unbalanced reciprocal translocation of chromosomes 14q and 20p [46,XY.ish der(14)t(14;20)(q32.3;p13)(IGH-, D14S308-,TelVysion20p+)mat]. These two cases add to a growing number of reports of cryptic subtelomeric chromosomal rearrangements associated with congenital anomalies. This is the first report of multiple, simultaneous FISH screening of the subtelomeric regions in amniotic fluid and has demonstrated the technical feasibility of this technique in the prenatal period.

Copyright 2003 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID:
12808681
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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